Gabion


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

gabion

[′gā·bē·ən]
(engineering)
A bottomless basket of wickerwork or metal iron filled with earth or stones; used in building fieldworks or as revetments in mining. Also known as pannier.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gabion

 

a structure in the form of a box made of a galvanized metallic net filled with stone or pebbles on a frame. A gabion is used to protect against the scouring of riverbeds and to construct regulating installations for the protection of shorelines. A gabion usually is in the form of a parallelepiped with the following dimensions: length, 3-5 m; width, 1-1.5 m; and height, 1 m. To prevent destruction, the riverbed at an installation is paved with gabion mattresses. The gabion is employed for riverbeds where current velocity is between 1.5 and 3 m per sec.

REFERENCE

Grishin, M. M. Gidrotekhnicheskie sooruzheniia. Moscow, 1968.

Gabion

 

a cylindrical wickerwork basket, made of twigs or brushwood and filled with earth, used since ancient times as protection against fired projectiles; specifically, it was used to build revetments for field fortifications and various shelters on loose ground. Gabions were from 0.8 to 1.3 m high and up to 1 m in diameter. When required, as in the building of high embankments, gabions were arranged in several rows, one over another. With the increasing use of rifled bores in artillery in the latter half of the 19th century, gabions lost their usefulness.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

gabion

A cylindrical wicker or metal basket that is filled with stones; used in the construction of foundations.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The project, particularly the gabions, will help prevent erosion along the Ingalera riverbank and reduce the abrupt rising of water in the area.
'The budget for the construction of a gabion is about $3 to $4 million from the government.
Mr Seema stated that gabion structures are made up of stacked stone filled gabions, tied together with strong wire to control soil erosion in affected areas and said the office has since constructed a total of 47 gabion control structures in Ntlhantlhe.
He added that 27 mini dams and 64 ponds were constructed in the Potohar region in the 2016-17 fiscal year, and the construction of 132 spillways, 70 retaining walls and 46 gabion spurs was subsidised by the Punjab government.
But he has now been ordered to install the new sea wall and gabion baskets by September 30 this year.
The Rhine is the basis of Sub-basin in which a series of corrective tabs were implemented by the General Administration of natural resources and watershed management, Khuzestan Province And it reviewed and evaluated with field surveys, the effectiveness of the gabion before and after tabs run structures.
Terra Site Constructors focuses on providing design, supply and installation of MSE walls and embankments (precast panel, welded wire, and segmental block), reinforced soil slopes, gabion retaining walls, precast top of wall elements, sound walls, and post-and-panel Walls.
The pair submitted a retrospective application for planning permission for the "tidal breakwater built with gabion baskets and bollards constructed on a slipway".
The press release further added that the Political Administration also completed the construction of gabion walls in Alishari, Bughaki, Amalkot and Ramaki Kaley for the protection of electric poles in Shaheedabad, Shablan, Mishri, and Kirman and a boundary wall around the Government High School in Pewar.
The most radical aspect of the scheme was the treatment of the building exterior as a massive rock face made from gabion cages filled with stones and implanted with seeds that would eventually bloom into a spectacular vertical garden.
HESCO barriers are an improved type of gabion. They can be interlocked with each other to provide stronger and more stable barriers and supports.