Gabion

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gabion

[′gā·bē·ən]
(engineering)
A bottomless basket of wickerwork or metal iron filled with earth or stones; used in building fieldworks or as revetments in mining. Also known as pannier.

Gabion

 

a structure in the form of a box made of a galvanized metallic net filled with stone or pebbles on a frame. A gabion is used to protect against the scouring of riverbeds and to construct regulating installations for the protection of shorelines. A gabion usually is in the form of a parallelepiped with the following dimensions: length, 3-5 m; width, 1-1.5 m; and height, 1 m. To prevent destruction, the riverbed at an installation is paved with gabion mattresses. The gabion is employed for riverbeds where current velocity is between 1.5 and 3 m per sec.

REFERENCE

Grishin, M. M. Gidrotekhnicheskie sooruzheniia. Moscow, 1968.

Gabion

 

a cylindrical wickerwork basket, made of twigs or brushwood and filled with earth, used since ancient times as protection against fired projectiles; specifically, it was used to build revetments for field fortifications and various shelters on loose ground. Gabions were from 0.8 to 1.3 m high and up to 1 m in diameter. When required, as in the building of high embankments, gabions were arranged in several rows, one over another. With the increasing use of rifled bores in artillery in the latter half of the 19th century, gabions lost their usefulness.

gabion

A cylindrical wicker or metal basket that is filled with stones; used in the construction of foundations.
References in periodicals archive ?
It included the construction of a 550-lineal meter gabion revetment and rubble concrete along the Ingalera River.
The one metre high gabions are constructed on the slopes as well as on the stream edges damaged by running water, and also emphasised that some plants can also be used as control method to reduce desertification.
The pair submitted a retrospective application for planning permission for the "tidal breakwater built with gabion baskets and bollards constructed on a slipway".
As part of a mission to challenge convention, this curious gabion house was devised to undermine and exploit the sort of prescriptive rules and regulations that, when ignorantly enforced by the visually illiterate, achieve little more than to perpetuate mediocrity.
Examples of the items included ready-mix asphalt, quick-setting concrete, geotextiles, gabions, and HESCO barriers.
Today, Valer takes visitors to a small creek that runs through the El Coronado Ranch, pointing to a series of gabions built over the last twenty years.
They also can be filled with soil or aggregate and used as lowlevel retaining or vegetative walls or gabions. Unlike competing materials, the NSW blocks will not absorb moisture or nutrients, preventing soil depletion.
Gabions are an effective material for landscape walls when stability is paramount.
Unfortunately, Reliquia Trotcosienses, or, The Gabions of the Late Jonathan Oldbuck Esq.