Gabriel Monod

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Monod, Gabriel


Born Mar. 7, 1844, in Ingouville; died Apr. 10, 1912, in Versailles. French historian, member of the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences (1897).

Monod studied in G. Waitz’ seminars at the University of Gottingen. In 1868 he joined the Faculty and later became director of the Ecole Practique des Hautes études, where he introduced the method of student seminars that was prevalent in German universities. He laid the foundations for the training in France of highly qualified archivists and specialists in the study of source material. In 1905 he became a professor at the Collège de France.

Monod founded the Revue historique in 1876. As a liberal positivist, he held that the subject of the study of history should be historical processes (rather than isolated phenomena and individual personalities) that make possible the revelation of historical principles. His studies were devoted mainly to problems in the study of sources and historiography. He gained fame for his Bibliography of the History of France (1888). Monod’s wife was the daughter of A. I. Herzen.


Etudes critiques sur les sources de l’histoire mérovingienne, vols. 1–2. Paris, 1872–85.
Les Origines de l’historiographie a Paris. Paris, 1877.
Bibliographic de l’histoire de France. Paris, 1888.
Etudes critiques sur les sources de l’histoire carolingienne. Paris, 1898.
La Vie et la pensée de Jules Michelet, vols. 1–2. Paris, 1923.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Gabriel Monod, embora criticado por Fustel de Coulanges, tambem defendia uma historia cientifica e objetiva.
Finally, Den Boer provides biographical sketches of six famous patrons of French historical writing (Ernest Lavisse, Gabriel Monod, Alphonse Aulard, Charles Seignobos, Charles-Victor Langlois, and Henri Berr) and describes their important contributions to historical writing, especially in the historical journals they sponsored.
Their collaboration, and the widow's compilation of her husband's works, caused French intellectuals from Gabriel Monod to Lucien Febvre viciously to discredit Athenais's accounts of her husband's work, as they refashioned Jules Michelet into the principal inspiration for the new scientific history.