Gabriel Péri

(redirected from Gabriel Peri)

Péri, Gabriel

 

Born Feb. 9, 1902, in Toulon; died Dec. 15, 1941, in Paris. Leader of the French labor movement; hero of the French Resistance.

Péri joined the Socialist Party in 1919 and fought for the party’s entry into the Comintern. He was a member of the French Communist Party (FCP) from its founding in 1920 and an organizer of the communist youth movement in France. Chief of the foreign desk of the newspaper L’Humanité from 1924, Péri was elected to the Central Committee of the FCP in 1929. He was a deputy to parliament from 1932 to 1939. In brilliant speeches and articles, he consistently decried reaction and fascism and supported cooperation with the Soviet Union and the strengthening of international security. After the invasion of France by fascist German troops (June 1940), Péri helped organize the Resistance. On May 18, 1941, he was arrested by the police of the Vichy government, turned over to the Gestapo, and tortured and shot by the Nazis.

REFERENCES

Korolev, L. Odin iz “partii rasstreliannykh.” Moscow, 1965.
Un Grand Français Gabriel Péri. Paris [1947].
References in periodicals archive ?
Only one of the poets - Aragon in 'Ballade de celui qui chanta dans les supplices' and to a lesser degree in 'Legende de Gabriel Peri' - performs to any extent the role of biographer (of Peri's imprisonment and death).
It's a long way from 'Front Rouge' to 'Legende de Gabriel Peri'.
Aragon appended a note to 'Legende de Gabriel Peri' welcoming the resurgence of this kind of popular poetry or song:
Some of the aspects of Aragon's 'Ballade' - a skilfully contrived anonymity and a reluctance to openly bestow significance - contrast quite sharply not only with the work of other poets but with his own 'Legende de Gabriel Peri'.
Eluard's poem Gabriel Peri is a curious mixture of individuality and anonymity.
This tendency becomes overt hagiography in Loys Masson's 'Tombeau de Gabriel Peri'.
'Tombeau de Gabriel Peri' has a dimension which is of particular interest if, in relation to Peri, one is trying to understand the nature of commemoration as such.
To find a tonality which is reticent and guarded throughout, one has to turn to Guillevic's 'Souvenir: A la memoire de Gabriel Peri'.
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