Gabriela Mistral


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Mistral, Gabriela

 

(pseudonym of Lucila Godoy Alcayaga). Born Apr. 7, 1889, in Vicuna, province of Coquimbo; died Jan. 10, 1957, in Hempstead, N. Y. Chilean poet.

Mistral was the daughter of a schoolteacher. She also became a teacher and was active in public education. In 1924 she began her diplomatic career in Italy, later serving in Spain (1933–35), Portugal (1935–37), and Brazil and the USA (1938–46). In 1946 she worked for the League of Nations, the predecessor of the UN.

Even before the appearance of Mistral’s first book, Desolation (1922), her poetry, printed in provincial newspapers since 1903, had gained renown. Her early verses express the intimate feelings of a woman: tormented love and an unfulfilled desire for mother-hood. Mistral’s second collection, Tola (1938), reveals a broadening of her poetical range: the confession of a troubled soul who has absorbed the thoughts and feelings of the common people of Latin America.

Mistral was one of the first South American writers to make use of Indian lore in her poetry, combining the tradition of Spanish poetry with fresh, animistic imagery. Her last book of poetry, The Winepress, was published in 1954. In her article “Accursed Word” (1950), Mistral called for peace. She was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1945.

WORKS

Poesias completes. Madrid, 1958.
Anthologia. Santiago de Chile, 1957.
In Russian translation:
Stikhi. Translation and introduction by O. Savich. Moscow, 1959.
Lirika. Translation and introduction by O. Savich. Moscow, 1963.

REFERENCES

Neruda, P. [Preface to the poetry of G. Mistral.] Inostrannaia literatura, 1958, no. 1.
Ospovat, L. S. “Poeziia G. Mistral’.” Novyi mir, 1960, no. 3.
Monsalve, J. G. Mistral: La errante solitaria. Biografia. Santiago de Chile, 1958.
Ladrón de Guevara, M. G. Mistral: Rebelde magnifica. Buenos Aires [1962].
Alegria, F. Genio y figura de Gabriela Mistral. [Buenos Aires, 1966.]

L. S. OSPOVAT

References in periodicals archive ?
Como reconocimiento a su trabajo obtuvo los premios Maria Luisa Bombal, en 1982; el Gabriela Mistral y A la Trayectoria, en 2001, entre otros galardones.
Como Gabriela Mistral le confesaba a Radomiro Tomic en 1952: <<[En] lo subterraneo del chileno comun, yo veo un extrano amor a la dictadura>> (Carta a Radomiro Tomic, ?1952?, Vuestra Gabriela.
A mas de sesenta anos de su muerte, no cabe duda de que la figura enigmatica de Gabriela Mistral continua siendo un terreno de discusiones, apropiaciones, interpelaciones y descubrimientos intempestivos.
Since an early age, Neruda was lucky that he found the poet Gabriela Mistral as one of his teachers who were crucial to his literary developments.
Le Guin and David Naimon discuss, excerpts from her own work, her own translation of Gabriela Mistral, and the diagram of a sentence from George Orwell's 1984 during a discussion of rhythm.
This work collects letter from Chilean poet Gabriela Mistral, winner of the Nobel Prize, to her secretary and lover, North American writer Doris Dana, in the 1940s and 1950s.
Lagar II, by Gabriela Mistral: a history of the poetry collection's manuscripts and the various versions of the poem 'Convite a la danza'
Gaston Cornejo Bascope, medico y escritor boliviano, le rinde un homenaje en el texto que aqui publicamos, recordando que Nicanor tenia la vibracion de los grandes poetas paisanos suyos, como Pablo Neruda, Gabriela Mistral, Vicente Huidobro, Gonzalo Rojas, Guillermo Teillier y desde luego, su hermana Violeta Parra, aquella que a pesar de sus pesares compuso la celebre cancion de trovadores: Gracias a la Vida.
Using the works of Jorge Luis Borges, Clarice Lispector, Alberto Gerchunoff, Joao Guimaraes Rosa, and Gabriela Mistral, Edna Aizenberg's objectives are two-fold: to show how these authors, in dealing with the Shoah, challenged "prevailing truths about Latin American literature from that period" and also to restore these world-class writers to a place among the many others who openly criticized and resisted, in their own ways, Nazi atrocities (x).
The award from Codelco's Gabriela Mistral Division and the written testimonial from Anglo American Los Bronces mine were received at customer-hosted events.
Of trees and the screen: the virile friendship through Alberto Nin Frias and Gabriela Mistral
En este articulo deseamos rendir homenaje a Gabriela Mistral, no solo en su caracter de escritora y embajadora de nuestras letras, sino tambien de mujer, maestra, latinoamericana, periodista, editora, promotora del libro y las bibliotecas, que hizo del magisterio y la lectura una forma de militancia y compromiso vital por el avance de nuestros paises, asi como contribuyo a traves de su poesia y su prosa a convertir el ejercicio de la palabra en una practica de integracion cultural.