Gabriela Mistral


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Mistral, Gabriela

 

(pseudonym of Lucila Godoy Alcayaga). Born Apr. 7, 1889, in Vicuna, province of Coquimbo; died Jan. 10, 1957, in Hempstead, N. Y. Chilean poet.

Mistral was the daughter of a schoolteacher. She also became a teacher and was active in public education. In 1924 she began her diplomatic career in Italy, later serving in Spain (1933–35), Portugal (1935–37), and Brazil and the USA (1938–46). In 1946 she worked for the League of Nations, the predecessor of the UN.

Even before the appearance of Mistral’s first book, Desolation (1922), her poetry, printed in provincial newspapers since 1903, had gained renown. Her early verses express the intimate feelings of a woman: tormented love and an unfulfilled desire for mother-hood. Mistral’s second collection, Tola (1938), reveals a broadening of her poetical range: the confession of a troubled soul who has absorbed the thoughts and feelings of the common people of Latin America.

Mistral was one of the first South American writers to make use of Indian lore in her poetry, combining the tradition of Spanish poetry with fresh, animistic imagery. Her last book of poetry, The Winepress, was published in 1954. In her article “Accursed Word” (1950), Mistral called for peace. She was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1945.

WORKS

Poesias completes. Madrid, 1958.
Anthologia. Santiago de Chile, 1957.
In Russian translation:
Stikhi. Translation and introduction by O. Savich. Moscow, 1959.
Lirika. Translation and introduction by O. Savich. Moscow, 1963.

REFERENCES

Neruda, P. [Preface to the poetry of G. Mistral.] Inostrannaia literatura, 1958, no. 1.
Ospovat, L. S. “Poeziia G. Mistral’.” Novyi mir, 1960, no. 3.
Monsalve, J. G. Mistral: La errante solitaria. Biografia. Santiago de Chile, 1958.
Ladrón de Guevara, M. G. Mistral: Rebelde magnifica. Buenos Aires [1962].
Alegria, F. Genio y figura de Gabriela Mistral. [Buenos Aires, 1966.]

L. S. OSPOVAT

References in periodicals archive ?
Gabriela Mistral ante Espana y Espana ante Gabriela Mistral 1933-1935, Santiago de Chile.
A biography of Nobel Laureate and influential Latin American writer Gabriela Mistral by Martin C.
Centro de Estudios Medievales, Universidad Gabriela Mistral.
El ano pasado este escritor peruano se unio por merito de su pluma a los otros 5 latinoamericanos que han conquistado este galardon literario: Gabriela Mistral, Miguel Angel Asturias, Pablo Neruda, Octavio Paz y Gabriel Garcia Marquez.
Es muy probable que ningun otro escritor o escritora, al menos, durante las primeras tres decadas del siglo XX, haya recibido tantos homenajes como Gabriela Mistral en su corta estancia en el pais centroamericano, en septiembre de 1931, nos dice en este articulo el investigador costarricense Mario Oliva.
Loca Razon en la poesia de Gabriela Mistral significa un hito importante para quienes hemos estado, desde hace por lo menos dos decadas, realizando estudios, seminarios, congresos, pensando, escribiendo y editando libros en torno a la obra de Mistral.
The "System" has received the UNESCO International Music Award (1993), the OAS Gabriela Mistral Award (1996), and the Principe de Asturias Award (2007), among other awards and recognitions.
Poems of Gabriela Mistral (University of Chicago Press, 2008).
Estos escritos, que bien arropan e iluminan lo publicado por LOM el ano 2005 bajo el titulo de El ojo atravesado, correspondencia entre Gabriela Mistral y los escritores uruguayos, formaban parte del mencionado libro pero no pudieron ser incluidos por problemas de espacio.
The little blonde girl was seen with a couple visiting the Gabriela Mistral museum, around 330 miles north of the capital Santiago.
Completing a trilogy of Luis Vera's documentaries about Chile's world-class poets Pablo Neruda and Violeta Parra, this film shown at the University of Illinois Chicago tribute to Gabriela Mistral in November 2006 employs interviews, archival and contemporary footage.
While not as well known in the United States, Gabriela Mistral is well known throughout Latin America--especially in her native Chile where there is rarely a town or city without a street, school, or government building named after her.