Gabriela Mistral

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Mistral, Gabriela


(pseudonym of Lucila Godoy Alcayaga). Born Apr. 7, 1889, in Vicuna, province of Coquimbo; died Jan. 10, 1957, in Hempstead, N. Y. Chilean poet.

Mistral was the daughter of a schoolteacher. She also became a teacher and was active in public education. In 1924 she began her diplomatic career in Italy, later serving in Spain (1933–35), Portugal (1935–37), and Brazil and the USA (1938–46). In 1946 she worked for the League of Nations, the predecessor of the UN.

Even before the appearance of Mistral’s first book, Desolation (1922), her poetry, printed in provincial newspapers since 1903, had gained renown. Her early verses express the intimate feelings of a woman: tormented love and an unfulfilled desire for mother-hood. Mistral’s second collection, Tola (1938), reveals a broadening of her poetical range: the confession of a troubled soul who has absorbed the thoughts and feelings of the common people of Latin America.

Mistral was one of the first South American writers to make use of Indian lore in her poetry, combining the tradition of Spanish poetry with fresh, animistic imagery. Her last book of poetry, The Winepress, was published in 1954. In her article “Accursed Word” (1950), Mistral called for peace. She was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1945.


Poesias completes. Madrid, 1958.
Anthologia. Santiago de Chile, 1957.
In Russian translation:
Stikhi. Translation and introduction by O. Savich. Moscow, 1959.
Lirika. Translation and introduction by O. Savich. Moscow, 1963.


Neruda, P. [Preface to the poetry of G. Mistral.] Inostrannaia literatura, 1958, no. 1.
Ospovat, L. S. “Poeziia G. Mistral’.” Novyi mir, 1960, no. 3.
Monsalve, J. G. Mistral: La errante solitaria. Biografia. Santiago de Chile, 1958.
Ladrón de Guevara, M. G. Mistral: Rebelde magnifica. Buenos Aires [1962].
Alegria, F. Genio y figura de Gabriela Mistral. [Buenos Aires, 1966.]


References in periodicals archive ?
Chilean poet Gabriela Mistral called Sandino's warriors, admiringly,a "Crazy little army".
The group's most recent musical work is based on the poetry of Gabriela Mistral, Chile's first Nobel Prize of Literature.
The garden and nature playground at the Gabriela Mistral Center for Early Childhood will support Mayor Parker's "Go Healthy Houston Initiative and Task Force," which is focused on reducing obesity, increasing healthy eating and exercise and promoting urban agriculture since its launch in 2012.
Le catalogue des publications du Centre Mohammed VI pour le dialogue des civilisations de Coquimbo (nord de Santiago), vient de s'enrichir de deux nouveaux ouvrages, edites par le Centre, en collaboration avec l'ambassade du Maroc au Chili, et consacres respectivement a la poetesse chilienne Gabriela Mistral et aux peuples originaires du Chili.
Francis" is a bilingual edition of forty four prose poems by famed Chilean poet Gabriela Mistral on St.
The Nobel League of diplomat-poets includes Gabriela Mistral, Saint-John Perse, George Seferis, Ivo Andric, Miguel Angel Asturias, Pablo Neruda and Octovio Paz.
A biography of Nobel Laureate and influential Latin American writer Gabriela Mistral by Martin C.
Bolano relates these influences through a series of dream journeys, in which he meets such writers as Vallejo, Borges, Boethius, Baudelaire, Sir James Barrie, Manuel Puig, Stendhal, Gabriela Mistral, Nicanor Parra, Walt Whitman, Archibald MacLeish, Carson McCullers, Ana'is Nin, and Philip K.
La obra poetica que Gabriela Mistral publico en vida no es muy extensa.
Ond y mae yna reswm arall dros feddwl am Waldo yn sgl yr argyfwng yn Chile oherwydd alla i ddim meddwl am y wlad honno heb feddwl am fy hoff feirdd, Gabriela Mistral a Pablo Neruda.
The "System" has received the UNESCO International Music Award (1993), the OAS Gabriela Mistral Award (1996), and the Principe de Asturias Award (2007), among other awards and recognitions.
She concluded by quoting Gabriela Mistral, the famous poet and educator from Chile: "We are guilty of many errors and many faults, but our worst crime is abandoning children, neglecting the fountain of life.