Gabriela Zapolska

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Zapolska, Gabriela


(real surname. Korwin-Piotrowska, married names Śniezka, Janpwska). Born Mar. 30, 1857, in Podhajcy, present-day Ukrainian SSR; died Dec. 17, 1921, in L’viv. Polish writer and actress.

Zapolska began publishing in the 1880’s. In her prose a knowledge of customs and mores and bold exposure of social evils are combined with naturalistic tendencies. Her dramas and comedies are characterized by skillful composition and characterization and by expressive dialogue. Her best play, The Morals of Pani Dulska (1906), satirizes the hypocrisy of the petite bourgeoisie. She wrote about the disintegration of the bourgeois family (The Four of Them, 1907) and about the thwarted lives of women (The Young Frog, 1896). Zapolska also chose subjects from the Polish patriotic struggle (That Man, 1899) and was interested in socialist ideas (In Dqbrowa Górnicza, 1899; the novel The Forest Is Rustling, 1899).


In Russian translation:
Sobr. soch., vols. 1–7. Moscow, 1911–13.
P’esy. Moscow, 1958.


Bashindzhagian-Arutiunova, N. Z. “Gabrielia Zapol’skaia.” In Istoriia pol’skoi literatury, vol. 2. Moscow, 1969.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In chronological coverage, our essays span the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, from Beth Holmgrens historical analysis of the public/professional lives of Polish stage actresses (Helena Modjeska, Maria Wisnowska, Gabriela Zapolska) in the late nineteenth century to Andrea Lanoux's critical review of the diverse Polish-language women's magazines that proliferated in Poland during the 1990s.
It was a golden age of women's literature, characterized by the poetry of Maria Konopnicka, as well as the novels of Orzeszkowa, Gabriela Zapolska and Zofia Nalkowska, just to name a few.
Thus, Nalkowska's sharp criticism of the 1907 Women's Congress, which had advertised itself as the beginning of a new era for women, as essentially conservative in its guiding ethics coincided with the appearance of Gabriela Zapolska's controversial Moralnosc pani Dulskiej (The Morality of Mrs.
famous cases of Maria Wisnowska and Gabriela Zapolska) (Tuszynska 23;
(1858-60?-90) and Gabriela Zapolska (1857-1921) repeatedly braved the