Gabriele d'Annunzio


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D'Annunzio, Gabriele

(gäbrēĕ`lā dän-no͞on`tsyō) 1863–1938, Italian poet, novelist, dramatist, and soldier, b. Pescara. He went to Rome in 1881 and there began his literary career. Considered by some to be the greatest Italian poet since DanteDante Alighieri
, 1265–1321, Italian poet, b. Florence. Dante was the author of the Divine Comedy, one of the greatest of literary classics. Life
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, he expressed in many of his works the desire to live in a more heroic age, an age that he attempted to create in the events of his life. The richly sensuous imagery of even his early poetry—Le primavere della mala pianta [the springtime of the evil plant] (1880) and Canto nuovo [new song] (1882)—displayed his unrivaled literary craftsmanship. His novels—Il piacere (1889, tr. The Child of Pleasure, 1898), in which he expresses his hero's and his own credo that a person's life should be made a work of art; L'innocente (1892, tr. The Intruder, 1898, and The Victim, 1914); Giovanni Episcopo (1892, tr. Episcopo & Company, 1896); Il trionfo della morte (1894, tr. The Triumph of Death, 1896); and Alcione (1904)—show the same creative handling of the Italian language, but many of these works are regarded as shallow and theatrical. D'Annunzio was also a prolific journalist and a relentless self-promoter.

The outbreak of World War I found him in France, where he had lived since 1910. He returned to Italy, where his extreme nationalist oratory had much to do with persuading Italy to join the Allies, and he fought with spectacular daring in the air force. In Sept., 1919, he led an expedition (known as the march on Ronchi) against Fiume, where he established a rule opposed by both the Italian government and the rest of Europe, which lasted until Jan., 1921. D'Annunzio, one of the few writers to be courted by MussoliniMussolini, Benito
, 1883–1945, Italian dictator and leader of the Fascist movement. Early Career

His father, an ardent Socialist, was a blacksmith; his mother was a teacher.
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, was an early exponent of fascism, and his troops in the Fiume raid introduced the black shirt that became the uniform of the fascists.

His book Notturrno (1921) is a moving analysis of sensations and memories during weeks of blindness from which he partially recovered. He added little in later life to the long list of his works. His plays include Il sogno d'un mattino di primavera (1897, tr. The Dream of a Spring Morning, 1902), Il sogno d'un tramonto d'autunno (1898, tr. The Dream of an Autumn Sunset, 1904), La città morta (1898, tr. The Dead City, 1902), and Francesca (1902, tr. Francesca da Rimini, 1902). Most of these were written during the time of his love affair with Eleonora DuseDuse, Eleonora
, 1859–1924, Italian actress. From a theatrical family, she made a successful appearance at 14 as Juliet and in 1879 gained recognition in Emilé Zola's Thérèse Raquin.
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, which he described with cruel candor in the novel Il fuoco (1900; tr. The Flame of Life, 1900). Mussolini appointed him (1937) president of the Royal Italian Academy, but he died before taking office.

Bibliography

See biographies by G. Griffin (1935, repr. 1970), C. Klopp (1988), J. Woodhouse (2001), and L. Hughes-Hallett (2013); studies by A. Rhodes (1960), G. Gullace (1966), R. Forcella (4 vol., 1926–37, repr. 1973), and M. Ledeen (1977) and (2001).

References in periodicals archive ?
Lawrence, Ford Madox Ford, Gabriele D'Annunzio, and Ezra Pound--and predicted a future in which abstract painting would dominate realistic painting.
On Inghirami and d'Este see Raffaella Castagnola, 'Introduzione' in Gabriele d'Annunzio, Forse che si, forseche no, Milan, 1998, p.
Named by the writer Gabriele D'Annunzio and frequented by Italian film stars, Villa Godilonda has an impressive history.
Gardone also boasts botanical gardens with more than 2000 species of plants, as well as the The Vittoriale, home of the Italian poet, nationalist and eccentric Gabriele D'Annunzio.
The Great War is also central to Lucy Hughes-Hallett's superb biography of Italian poet and protofascist Gabriele d'Annunzio.
Gianni Betcaro of the Department of Biomedical Science, Gabriele D'Annunzio University Chieti-Pescara, said, "Taken together, our data suggest that GSPs, at least in the profile associated to Indena's Enovita, are worth considering to complement dietary and lifestyle changes associated to the maintenance of a healthy blood pressure status, with beneficial cardiovascular effect.
James Joyce expressed great admiration for Gabriele D'Annunzio.
Much of the discussion centres on works of literature and the writings of specific authors, such as Gabriele d'Annunzio, Jean Giono and Blaise Cendrars.
Flamboyant and charismatic, Gabriele D'Annunzio enjoyed immense popularity during his lifetime as a novelist, poet, and playwright, at least in part thanks to his extraliterary celebrity--from his military exploits to his affaires de coeur.
According to Borgese: "Nel suo complesso L'Innocente non e soltanto un magnifico romanzo: esso e, malgrado lo splendore dei particolari che tutti ammirano nel Trionfo della Morte, l'unico vero romanzo di Gabriele D'Annunzio.
Not wasting time chasing these mots justes, not suffering, not being pedantic--all of these mean, first and foremost, for Arbasino, being less Italian, sidestepping a tradition that produced Petrarch and the Petrarchans, the Cinquecento, hundreds of rhetoric manuals for schools, the Manzoni-esque Claudio Achillini, and the Accademia della Crusca, all the way down to the "beautiful and well-sounding words" loved by Gabriele D'Annunzio and studied by philologist Mario Praz.
The Victorians were haunted always by the specter of disharmony, says Marroni (English literature, Gabriele d'Annunzio U.