Gabriele d'Annunzio


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D'Annunzio, Gabriele

(gäbrēĕ`lā dän-no͞on`tsyō) 1863–1938, Italian poet, novelist, dramatist, and soldier, b. Pescara. He went to Rome in 1881 and there began his literary career. Considered by some to be the greatest Italian poet since DanteDante Alighieri
, 1265–1321, Italian poet, b. Florence. Dante was the author of the Divine Comedy, one of the greatest of literary classics. Life
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, he expressed in many of his works the desire to live in a more heroic age, an age that he attempted to create in the events of his life. The richly sensuous imagery of even his early poetry—Le primavere della mala pianta [the springtime of the evil plant] (1880) and Canto nuovo [new song] (1882)—displayed his unrivaled literary craftsmanship. His novels—Il piacere (1889, tr. The Child of Pleasure, 1898), in which he expresses his hero's and his own credo that a person's life should be made a work of art; L'innocente (1892, tr. The Intruder, 1898, and The Victim, 1914); Giovanni Episcopo (1892, tr. Episcopo & Company, 1896); Il trionfo della morte (1894, tr. The Triumph of Death, 1896); and Alcione (1904)—show the same creative handling of the Italian language, but many of these works are regarded as shallow and theatrical. D'Annunzio was also a prolific journalist and a relentless self-promoter.

The outbreak of World War I found him in France, where he had lived since 1910. He returned to Italy, where his extreme nationalist oratory had much to do with persuading Italy to join the Allies, and he fought with spectacular daring in the air force. In Sept., 1919, he led an expedition (known as the march on Ronchi) against Fiume, where he established a rule opposed by both the Italian government and the rest of Europe, which lasted until Jan., 1921. D'Annunzio, one of the few writers to be courted by MussoliniMussolini, Benito
, 1883–1945, Italian dictator and leader of the Fascist movement. Early Career

His father, an ardent Socialist, was a blacksmith; his mother was a teacher.
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, was an early exponent of fascism, and his troops in the Fiume raid introduced the black shirt that became the uniform of the fascists.

His book Notturrno (1921) is a moving analysis of sensations and memories during weeks of blindness from which he partially recovered. He added little in later life to the long list of his works. His plays include Il sogno d'un mattino di primavera (1897, tr. The Dream of a Spring Morning, 1902), Il sogno d'un tramonto d'autunno (1898, tr. The Dream of an Autumn Sunset, 1904), La città morta (1898, tr. The Dead City, 1902), and Francesca (1902, tr. Francesca da Rimini, 1902). Most of these were written during the time of his love affair with Eleonora DuseDuse, Eleonora
, 1859–1924, Italian actress. From a theatrical family, she made a successful appearance at 14 as Juliet and in 1879 gained recognition in Emilé Zola's Thérèse Raquin.
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, which he described with cruel candor in the novel Il fuoco (1900; tr. The Flame of Life, 1900). Mussolini appointed him (1937) president of the Royal Italian Academy, but he died before taking office.

Bibliography

See biographies by G. Griffin (1935, repr. 1970), C. Klopp (1988), J. Woodhouse (2001), and L. Hughes-Hallett (2013); studies by A. Rhodes (1960), G. Gullace (1966), R. Forcella (4 vol., 1926–37, repr. 1973), and M. Ledeen (1977) and (2001).

References in periodicals archive ?
Capra N, Gabrielli L and Guerri GB (2014) Gabriele d'Annunzio aviatore.
Herbiography of the Italian poet and demagogue Gabriele d'Annunzio, The Pike , published relatively quietly nine months earlier, won, among others, the Samuel Johnson prize for non-fiction and the Costa prize for biography.
De los tres italianos que comparecen en Retrato, personaje y fantasma, quiza sea Gabriele d'Annunzio el que peor ha envejecido (ademas de que, por razones cronologicas inevitables, sea tambien el que mas ha envejecido).
Financial support from the Department of Economics at the Gabriele d'Annunzio University and the Italian Association for the Study of Economic Asymmetries is gratefully acknowledged.
L'immagine dell'inferno: la rappresentazione metaforica di Volterra in Forse che si forse che no di Gabriele D'Annunzio.
Gardone also boasts botanical gardens with more than 2000 species of plants, as well as the The Vittoriale, home of the Italian poet, nationalist and eccentric Gabriele D'Annunzio.
The Great War is also central to Lucy Hughes-Hallett's superb biography of Italian poet and protofascist Gabriele d'Annunzio.
Gianni Betcaro of the Department of Biomedical Science, Gabriele D'Annunzio University Chieti-Pescara, said, "Taken together, our data suggest that GSPs, at least in the profile associated to Indena's Enovita, are worth considering to complement dietary and lifestyle changes associated to the maintenance of a healthy blood pressure status, with beneficial cardiovascular effect.
The Samuel Johnson prize for non-fiction shortlist this year includes the first volume of a biography of Margaret Thatcher and a biography of Italian romantic poet Gabriele d'Annunzio along with an account of life inside a nest of short-haired bumblebees, the Guardian reported on Monday.
THE FRENCH WORDSMITH Romain Rolland, himself no slouch at being derivative as a thinker, likened his Italian contemporary Gabriele d'Annunzio to a pike, the freshwater predator famous for lying still and snapping at whatever comes.
James Joyce expressed great admiration for Gabriele D'Annunzio.
Su encuentro, en 1926, con Gabriele D'Annunzio, poeta y destacada figura de la corriente de los decadentes italianos, fue sin duda el evento que mas "capitalizo" Tamara de Lempicka.