Coco Chanel

(redirected from Gabrielle Chanel)
Coco Chanel
Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel
Birthday
BirthplaceSaumur, France
Died
NationalityFrench
Occupation
Fashion designer

Chanel, Coco

(Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel) (shənĕl`), 1883–1971, French fashion designer b. Saumur. She established a millinery shop in Deauville in 1909, founded her first house of couture there in 1913, and opened in Paris in 1914. An enormously influential designer from the mid-1920s on, she was noted for her simple, elegant modern styles: jersey dresses, especially the "little black dress," and suits; perfumes, notably Chanel No. 5, created in 1922; black or gray pullovers with white piqué collars and cuffs; boxy, braid-trimmed suits; trousers for women; and clothing generally designed for comfort. Among the most imitated of all designers she had a major resurgence of popularity beginning in 1954, when she reopened the business she had closed (1930) at the beginning of World War II. Her fashion empire ranged from Chanel suits and quilted handbags with chains to costume jewelry and a textile house.

Bibliography

See P. Galante, Mademoiselle Chanel (tr. 1973); C. Baillén, Chanel Solitaire (tr. 1974), E. Charles-Roux, Chanel and Her World (tr. 1981, rev. ed. 2005); A. Madsen, A Woman of Her Own (1990); J. Wallach, Chanel (1998); H. Koda et al., Chanel (2005); J. Picardie, Coco Chanel: The Legend and the Life (2010); H. Vaughan, Sleeping with the Enemy: Coco Chanel's Secret War (2011); J. Gautier, Chanel: The Vocabulary of Style (2011); R. K. Garelick, Mademoiselle (2014).

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According to a statement from the company, the selection will ensure that "the legacy of Gabrielle Chanel and Karl Lagerfeld" can live on.
"An extraordinary creative individual, Lagerfeld reinvented the brand's codes created by Gabrielle Chanel: the Chanel jacket and suit, the little black dress, the precious tweeds, the two-tone shoes, the quilted handbags, the pearls and costume jewelry," Chanel said.
Chanel said on its website: "An extraordinary creative individual, Karl Lagerfeld reinvented the brand's codes created by Gabrielle Chanel: the Chanel jacket and suit, the little black dress, the precious tweeds, the two-tone shoes, the quilted handbags, the pearls and costume jewellery.
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Included are fashion accessories, major collections of drawings and photographs, and the archives of iconic creators such as Elsa Schiaparelli, Madame Gres, Paul Poiret, Callot Soeurs, Madeleine Vionnet and Cristobal Balenciaga, and the emblematic works of great figures of couture such as Charles-Frederick Worth, Jacques Doucet, Jeanne Lanvin, Gabrielle Chanel, Christian Dior and Yves Saint Laurent.
This fashion icon was born Gabrielle Chanel into abject poverty.
"As a result, the space must be intimate, warm, relaxing--a place where someone can spend the whole afternoon." Marino took the narrow retail space on the first floor of a Mayfair heritage townhouse and transformed it into a three-level bijou box that nods to Gabrielle Chanel's Paris apartment.
Gabrielle Chanel is the modern woman's heroine, and Karl Lagerfeld is her of-the-moment missionary.
Chanel showcased its iconic high jewellery creations, including the "1932" collection, which celebrates the 80th anniversary of the 'Bijoux de Diamants', the first and only High Jewellery collection created by Gabrielle Chanel, in 1932.
Several years after leaving the orphanage to which her father never returned for her, Gabrielle Chanel finds herself working in a provincial bar.
As Patrick Mauries shows in his text on Gabrielle Chanel, the job requires carefully manipulating desire and social status, focusing on ideas, de-emphasizing the mechanics of production, and if you cultivate powerful friends with large budgets the results can look smashing.