Irish language

(redirected from Gaeilge)

Irish language,

also called Irish Gaelic and Erse, member of the Goidelic group of the Celtic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Celtic languagesCeltic languages,
subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages. At one time, during the Hellenistic period, Celtic speech extended all the way from Britain and the Iberian Peninsula in the west across Europe to Asia Minor in the east, where a district still known as
..... Click the link for more information.
). The history of Irish as a literary language falls into three periods: Old Irish (7th–9th cent. A.D.), Middle Irish (10th–16th cent.), and Modern Irish (since the 16th cent.). In the medieval period a great Irish literature flourished. Grammatically, there are still four cases for the noun (nominative, genitive, vocative, and, in some dialects, dative). In pronunciation the stress is on the first syllable. An acute accent is placed over a vowel to denote length, and a dot is placed over a consonant to indicate aspiration. The alphabet employed today for Irish can be called a variant or a derivative of the Roman alphabet that took shape about the 8th cent. A.D. It has 18 letters: 13 consonants and 5 vowels. The oldest extant Irish texts are inscriptions written in the ogham script (see oghamogham,
 ogam,
or ogum
, ancient Celtic alphabet of one of the Irish runic languages. It was used by the druids and abandoned after the first few centuries of the Christian era.
..... Click the link for more information.
). These texts date back to the 5th cent. A.D. or perhaps earlier and differ as much from the early literary Irish that follows them as Latin does from Old French. Native speakers of Irish are now concentrated in the western counties of Ireland. The government of Ireland is trying, thus far unsuccessfully, to revive Irish as the primary language of the country; it is an official language, and the study of Irish is required in preparatory schools. See also Gaelic literatureGaelic literature,
literature in the native tongue of Ireland and Scotland. Since Scots Gaelic became separate from Irish Gaelic only in the 17th cent., the literature is conventionally divided into Old Irish (before 900), Middle Irish (until 1350), Late Middle or Early Modern
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Bibliography

See H. Wagner, Linguistic Atlas and Survey of Irish Dialects (4 vol., 1958–69); R. P. M. and W. P. Lehman, An Introduction to Old Irish (1975).

References in periodicals archive ?
The mum-of-four, who once revealed she makes love As Gaeilge, said she's even more in love with her husband Ciaran Byrne following a trip to Italy.
Anns an t-seomar, thog ball de Plaid Cymru, Liz Saville-Roberts, a guth ann an Gaeilge na h-Eireann, 's i ag iarraidh air riaghaltas Lunnainn Achd Canain a chur air doigh do cheann a tuath na h-Eireann.
Exceptionally well organized and presented, "Ireland as Gaeilge: A User-Friendly Guide to the Irish Language" is an effective, efficient, and 'real world practical way for tourists, businessmen, and general travelers to Ireland can negotiate the non-English elements of the Irish language in terms of signage and conversation.
Patrick's Day celebration, themed "An Irish Welcome" ("Failte" in the Gaeilge language), at D-Cube City in southwestern Seoul on Saturday.
Customers in the Republic are currently offered the choice of viewing their translation in English or Gaeilge. The apex bank had said that new ATM installations would not offer the choice because of falling demand for the language.
TALKS Michelle and Gerry "There is no agreement on Acht na Gaeilge, the Bill of Rights, marriage equality, respect, anti-sectarian measures or legacy issues.
The only book published to date on the history of the Irish language from the beginnings to the end of the century, Stair na Gaeilge (and its English translation), mostly deals with inflectional morphology, and to a lesser extent with phonology from a diachronic point of view.
The show will be curated by Tony Strickland, an independent visual art curator who has just completed his 21st exhibition at various venues in Dublin, which include the Crow Gallery, The Mad Art Gallery, Ranelagh Arts Centre, Conradh na Gaeilge and the Blackrock Market Cafe.
Their topics include Shakespeare and the politics of the Irish revival, Shakespeare as Gaeilge, Irish Ireland, Hamlet in Kildare Street, Oscar Wilde and the art of appeal, Shakespearean echoes in Elizabeth Bowen's portrait of Ireland, and zero-sum games in Shakespeare's King Lear and Beckett's Endgame.
The sexy-voiced Today FM star is set to take part in a TG4 reality TV show in which contestants must speak "as gaeilge".
ACADAMH RIOGA NA HEIREANN (ROYAL IRISH ACADEMY), CORPAS NA GAEILGE 1600-1882: FOCLOIR NA NUAGHAEILGE: THE IRISH LANGUAGE CORPUS, Dublin: Royal Irish Academy, 2004.