Irish language

(redirected from Gaelige)

Irish language,

also called Irish Gaelic and Erse, member of the Goidelic group of the Celtic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Celtic languagesCeltic languages,
subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages. At one time, during the Hellenistic period, Celtic speech extended all the way from Britain and the Iberian Peninsula in the west across Europe to Asia Minor in the east, where a district still known as
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). The history of Irish as a literary language falls into three periods: Old Irish (7th–9th cent. A.D.), Middle Irish (10th–16th cent.), and Modern Irish (since the 16th cent.). In the medieval period a great Irish literature flourished. Grammatically, there are still four cases for the noun (nominative, genitive, vocative, and, in some dialects, dative). In pronunciation the stress is on the first syllable. An acute accent is placed over a vowel to denote length, and a dot is placed over a consonant to indicate aspiration. The alphabet employed today for Irish can be called a variant or a derivative of the Roman alphabet that took shape about the 8th cent. A.D. It has 18 letters: 13 consonants and 5 vowels. The oldest extant Irish texts are inscriptions written in the ogham script (see oghamogham,
or ogum
, ancient Celtic alphabet of one of the Irish runic languages. It was used by the druids and abandoned after the first few centuries of the Christian era.
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). These texts date back to the 5th cent. A.D. or perhaps earlier and differ as much from the early literary Irish that follows them as Latin does from Old French. Native speakers of Irish are now concentrated in the western counties of Ireland. The government of Ireland is trying, thus far unsuccessfully, to revive Irish as the primary language of the country; it is an official language, and the study of Irish is required in preparatory schools. See also Gaelic literatureGaelic literature,
literature in the native tongue of Ireland and Scotland. Since Scots Gaelic became separate from Irish Gaelic only in the 17th cent., the literature is conventionally divided into Old Irish (before 900), Middle Irish (until 1350), Late Middle or Early Modern
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See H. Wagner, Linguistic Atlas and Survey of Irish Dialects (4 vol., 1958–69); R. P. M. and W. P. Lehman, An Introduction to Old Irish (1975).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Met Eireann Podcast and Podchraoladh Met Eireann will cover issues relating to Ireland's weather and climate in both English and as Gaelige.
Impressively informative and a pleasure to simply browse through, "Ireland as Gaelige" is an especially and unreservedly recommended addition to both community and academic library Language Studies collections.
Ach, ged a tha Imogen, Orla agus Tegan, bhon t-seann Gaelige agus a' Chuimris, ri thighinn, chan eil sgeul air Murchadh neo Morag.
The Dublin-based group took to Kickstarter to raise the cash which will be used for workshops to promote Gaelige at home and abroad.
The Gaelige Mor Irish Language Study Group and its founder, Mik Thompson, will present an historical and cultural overview and a primer on Irish pronunciation, including some memorable phrases and useful expressions, at 4 p.m.
with moderate SDLP Councillor Patsy McGloneIn the planter tongue As Gaelige
In 1994, he was appointed ceannasai (director) of Teleifis na Gaelige (TG4), a startup Irish-language television channel partly funded by RTE, and was widely credited with establishing a strong, classy identity for the channel.
He said: "Let's be very, very clear - there won't be an Assembly without an Acht na Gaelige [Irish Language Act].
The company has been working closely with Foras Na Gaelige, a body responsible for the promotion of language throughout Ireland, to develop the programme.
I've a great 'gra for Gaelige.' But you lose it if you don't continue to speak it."
The magazine is aimed at teaching schoolchildren Gaelige using bright pictures and fun stories.