Gaetano Donizetti


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Related to Gaetano Donizetti: Giuseppe Verdi, Vincenzo Bellini

Donizetti, Gaetano

(gītä`nō dōnēdzĕt`tē), 1797–1848, Italian composer. He studied music in Bergamo and Bologna and achieved success with his first opera, Enrico di Borgogna (1818). His early work was influenced by Rossini, but he later developed his own pleasantly melodic, often sentimental, style. Most popular of his more than 60 operas are Lucrezia Borgia (1833), Lucia di Lammermoor (1835), and Linda di Chamounix (1842), all serious operas; La Fille du régiment (The Daughter of the Regiment, 1840), a French opéra comique; and L'Elisir d'amore (The Elixir of Love, 1832) and Don Pasquale (1843), outstanding examples of opéra buffa. He also wrote songs, several symphonies, chamber music, oratorios, cantatas, and church music. In 1845 he became paralyzed, and he never composed again.

Bibliography

See studies by A. Weinstock (1964) and W. Ashbrooke (1965).

Donizetti, Gaetano

 

Born Nov. 29, 1797, in Bergamo; died there Apr. 8, 1848. Italian composer.

Donizetti first studied composition under S. Mayr, and from 1815 to 1817 he continued his studies at the Bologna School of Music with S. Mattei (composition class). He made his debut as a composer in 1818 with the opera Enrico, Count of Bur gundy. The works of the 1820’s were largely influenced by G. Rossini. Donizetti developed an original style in the 1830’s. His operas U’Elisir d’amore (1832) and Lucrezia Borgia (1833) won him fame throughout Europe. One of his best mature works is the opera Lucia di Lammermoor (1835, Naples). From 1835 to 1839 he was professor (from 1837, director) at the conservatory in Naples. In 1839, after the censorship banned his operaPoliuto, he went to Paris, where the operas Les Martyrs (a reworking of Poliuto), Fille du regiment (1840), and La Favorite (1843) were produced. He also composed operas for Vienna theaters—Linda di Chamounix (1842) and Maria di Rohan (1843). In 1844 he ceased to compose because of illness.

Along with G. Rossini and V. Bellini, Donizetti is an outstanding representative of the Italian opera of the first half of the 19th century and a master of the art of bel canto. His style is characterized by light and brilliant melody, effective vocal virtuosity, and theatricality. A bright page in the history of Italian operatic music is Donizetti’s comic opera Don Pasquale (1843, Paris)—a popular opera buffa. Some of Donizetti’s works, however, are superficial, lack unity of style, and have stereotyped characterizations, which caused a number of 19th-century musical authorities to criticize his work (A. S. Dargomyzhskii, A. N. Serov). Donizetti also composed cantatas, Masses, chorales, orchestral works, and chamber music.

WORKS

Lettere inedite. … Collected by A. Eisner-Eisenhof. Bergamo, 1897.

REFERENCES

Serov, A. N. Kriticheskie stat’i, vols. 1-4. St. Petersburg, 1892-95.
Petrovskii, E. “Gaetano Donitsetti (1797-1848).” Russkaia muzykal’naia gazeta, 1897, no. 10.
Zavadini, G. Donizetti. Bergamo, 1948.
Ashbrook, W. Donizetti. London [1965].
References in periodicals archive ?
"Attila" was performed on 22 May and Aida on 31 May, while "Lucia di Lammermoor" by Gaetano Donizetti was performed on 26 May.
To know the turn of events must watch An Old Man Turns Groom , a comic opera by Italian composer Gaetano Donizetti.
They will feature selections from Italian opera by Guiseppe Verdi La Triviata, and Gaetano Donizetti's Lucrezia Borgia, which will be performed by baritone Stefan Sanchez, soprano Ana Jeruc, mezzo soprano Laura Woods and tenor Leonel Pinheiro.
He is particularly admired for his portrayals in operas by Giuseppe Verdi, Giacomo Puccini, Gaetano Donizetti, and Vincenzo Bellini.
All of this can be found in the opera Lucia di Lammermoor, written by Gaetano Donizetti, which was the second production in this 10th anniversary season for the Wichita Grand Opera (WGO).
Khodr's expressive approach reached its apogee with "Il dolce suono" (The Sweet Sound) from the opera "Lucia di Lammermoor" by Gaetano Donizetti. Composed in 1835, this opera languished in obscurity for much of the late-19th and early-20th centuries, before it was rediscovered by Callas herself.
One night we will be entertained by the world famous Des Moines Opera, performing Gaetano Donizetti's comedic opera, The Elixir of Love.
NEW YORK A Metropolitan Opera presentation of an opera in three acts by Gaetano Donizetti. Libretto by Salvatore Cammarano, based on Walter Scott's novel "The Bride of Lammermoor." Directed by Mary Zimmerman.
El pasado fue un ano musicalmente ajetreado para Charles Oppenheim: canto el Requiem de Verdi (con el coro del Conservatorio Nacional de Musica y la Orquesta Juvenil del Estado de Mexico); participo en un concierto oratorio con el ensamble vocal Les Jeucateurs, de la Escuela Superior de Musica; canto el rol del doctor Dulcamara en la opera L'elisir d'amore, de Gaetano Donizetti, e interpreto --en la Casa del Lago y acompanado por el pianista Carlos Vazquez-- al jorobado Tonio de la obra I Pagliacci, de Ruggiero Leoncavallo, mientras colaboraba en la produccion de La opera que nacio del teatro, con la gestora cultural Sylvia Rittner, el actor Luis Esteban Galicia y el baritono Vladimir Rueda: --He podido desarrollar mis 3 grandes pasiones: opera, cine y gastronomia --cuenta--.
(13) The Italian and English texts of the opera will be found in Gaetano Donizetti, Lucia di Lammermoor, trans, Ellen H.
LET FREEDOM SING: Here are the tunes Anderson sang that Easter Sunday: "America," Gaetano Donizetti's "O mio Fernando," Franz Schubert's "Ave Maria," and four spirituals: "Gospel Train," "Trampin'," "My Soul Is Anchored in the Lord," and "Nobody Knows the Trouble I See." What can students find out about these songs, their lyrics, and origins?
January 7 Gaetano Donizetti The Elixir of Love 1:30 pm