Gagarin, Andrei Grigorevich

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gagarin, Andrei Grigor’evich


Born Dec. 22, 1855 (Jan. 3, 1856); died Dec. 22, 1920. Prince; Russian scientist and engineer.

After graduating from the University of St. Petersburg in 1878 and subsequently from the Mikhail Artillery Academy, Gagarin served in the St. Petersburg Arsenal, where he was head of the mechanical laboratory. Between 1895 and 1900, while he was working at the St. Petersburg Armament Plant, Gagarin designed and built a press (the so-called Gagarin press) that is still considered one of the best machines for the mechanical testing of metals. From 1902 to 1907 he was the director of the St. Petersburg Polytechnical Institute. Gagarin was one of the organizers of the Russian Society for Materials Testing (1911) and designed a number of instruments, machine tools, and devices that were used in the production of building materials. During the last years of his life Gagarin worked in the Scientific Research Institute of Transportation (Moscow).


“Avtograficheskaia zapis’ zavisimosti mezhdu usiliiami i deformatssiiami vo vremia udara.” In Trudy Russkogo obshchestva ispytaniia materialov v Moskve, 1912 g., vol. 2. Moscow, 1913.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.