Gaia hypothesis


Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Wikipedia.

Gaia hypothesis

an hypothesis developed by the British scientist, James Lovelock, to suggest that the earth is one living system, such that the distinction between organic and inorganic matter is false. Gaia was an ancient Greek goddess of the earth and fertility Contrary to established scientific notions, Lovelock argues that a conducive physical environment did not first exist within which living organisms could develop, but rather the living organisms create the necessary physical environment for their survival. This leads to the concept of the planet earth as a CYBERNETIC system. In the late 1980s, the Gaia movement emerged as one of the environmental groups increasingly influential in national and international politics.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lovelock's Gaia hypothesis, when it was first put forward, was met with hostility from mainstream scientists, and it was a long time before the significance of Lotka's theories was properly recognised.
led Lovelock to hypothesize the Gaia hypothesis that the Earth behaves
The contemporary advocacy of a biocentric worldview instead of a human-centered one finds expression in the deep ecology of Arne Naess and the Gaia hypothesis of James Lovelock.
Washington, May 16 ( ANI ): Researchers have discovered new evidence that may back the famous Gaia hypothesis of Earth as a living organism.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Is Earth really a sort of giant living organism as the Gaia hypothesis predicts?
in which the Gaia hypothesis and 4 billion years of a self-regulating system are explored.
Produced between 1990 and '96, the program seemed to draw from Lovelock's Gaia hypothesis, as explained in the "series mythology" on the program's website:
Again, the Gaia hypothesis comes to mind, offsetting in a big way the popular notion of competition and survival of the fittest as nature's prime way.
James Lovelock is well known for his Gaia hypothesis, a revolutionary theory that the earth is a self-regulating super organism.
7th - The Gaia hypothesis - James Lovelock's development of a revolutionary way of thinking about the Earth as a self-regulating living organism.
Contraceptive pill - developed by Herchel Smith, a researcher at the University of Manchester, in 1961 5= Cancer and cell division - in 1987, Paul Nurse and Tim Hunt, scientists for Cancer Research UK, became the first to identify the key genes that govern and regulate cell cycle and division 5= CDs, DVDs and the internet - these have all been made possible through a technology called strained quantum-well lasers, which was first proposed by Alf Adams at the University of Surrey 5= The Gaia hypothesis - James Lovelock's development of a revolutionary way of thinking about the Earth with the idea that it is a self-regulating living organism 8.
The film's representation of Eywa is strongly reminiscent of the Gaia Hypothesis, that is, of a living, self-regulating earth; as a Gaia figure, Eywa is very unlike traditional depictions of a separate, transcendent monotheistic (and characteristically male) deity who exists above and beyond nature.