Scottish Gaelic

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Scottish Gaelic

 

the language of the Scots who inhabit the northern (mountainous) part of Scotland and the islands of the Hebrides. It belongs, along with Irish and Manx, to the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. Scottish Gaelic is a descendant of the language of the Irish who began to migrate to Scotland in the fifth century A.D. It began to separate from Irish only in the 13th century. Records from the 11th to the 15th century do not differ linguistically from those of the Irish. One of the oldest records in Scottish Gaelic proper is the Book of the Dean of Lismore, which dates from the early 16th century. Modern Scottish Gaelic is split into two dialect areas—the eastern and the western. The written literary language, which took shape during the 18th and early 19th centuries, is extremely conservative; consequently, literary works in Scottish Gaelic are written in the dialects with a more or less standardized orthography. Scottish Gaelic differs from Irish Gaelic in phonetics, its simplification of the noun and verb systems, and the presence of Scandinavian lexical items. According to the 1961 census, Scottish Gaelic was spoken by approximately 80.000 people: however, only approximately 1,000 were monolingual Scottish Gaelic speakers.

REFERENCES

Stewart, A. Elements of Gaelic Grammar. 5th ed. Edinburgh. 1901.
Dwelly, E. The Illustrated Gaelic-English Dictionary, 5th ed. Glasgow, 1949.

A. A. KOROLEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Ceol na Gaidhlig: Gaelic Music and Poetry: cassette and booklet (editor and contributor), Scotsoun, 1975
Gaidhlig Dumgal is for anyone in Dumfries and Galloway interested in learning and promoting Scots Gaelic.
The project will support the establishment of a new state-of-the art modern building for Gaelic and cultural heritage in South Uist, including Gaidhlig language, music, dance and education.
D.: L-e-g-a-c-y (lefuaim na Gaidhlig, agus 'y'mar 'uaidh ') 'leagasaidh' a ni mise dheth.
The event, hosted by Lorraine Kelly, had the support of highprofile sponsors including: Bord Na Gaidhlig, Clydesdale Bank, Event Consultants Scotland, Highland Spring, MCL, Radisson SAS Hotel Glasgow, Redpath, Royal Mail, Scottish & Newcastle, Standard Life, The Business, VisitScotland and Whyte & Mackay.
Fior sgoilear ainmeil Gaidhlig aig an robh an canan bhon ghlun, bha MacAonghais cofhurtail am measg acadaimigeach agus am measg nan daoine aige fhein.
02 Contract Notice (below OJEU threshold or call offs of any value): Mg alba, scotlands gaelic media service is responsible for bbc alba (in partnership with the bbc); filmg, the digital participation project; and learngaelic - the gaelic learners website, in collaboration with bord na gaidhlig, sabhal mor ostaig, bord na ceiltis (alba) and others.
MacCormaic's Tomhas mu choinneamh Tomhais ('Measure for Measure'), dated to 1934, was never published but is held in manuscript (handwritten) by the Mitchell Library in Glasgow and also in manuscript (typescript) by the library of Comunn Gaidhlig Inbhir Nis/The Gaelic Society of Inverness at Inverness Library (Mac Cormaic 1934; Mac Cormaig 1934).
The event, to be hosted by Sally Gray, is run by the Scottish Daily Newspaper Society and is supported by sponsors including Bank of Scotland, Radisson SAS Hotels & Resorts, Bord na Gaidhlig and the Gaelic Media Service, Scottish & Newcastle, VisitScotland, Sound & Vision, Scottish Widows, Royal Mail and Citigate SMARTS.
John Paul II Primary School, Glasgow Gaelic Education Award Sponsored by Bord na Gaidhlig? Bun-sgoil Ghaidhlig Loch Abar, The Highland Council ?
The reverberations from this little revolution led to national developments--the creation of Comunn na Gaidhlig, Gaelic Playgroups and a dramatic expansion in Gaelic broadcasting.
The event, to be hosted by Sally Gray, is run by the Scottish Daily Newspaper Society and supported by sponsors including Bank of Scotland, Radisson SAS Hotels & Resorts, Bord na Gaidhlig and the Gaelic Media Service, Scottish& Newcastle, VisitScotland, Sound & Vision, Scottish Widows, Royal Mail and Citigate SMARTS.