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1 City (1990 pop. 84,770), seat of Alachua co., N central Fla.; inc. 1869. The Univ. of Florida is a major source of employment in the city. Agriculture and the manufacture of electronic equipment add to the economy. Points of interest, in addition to the huge campus of the university and the museums there, are Kanapaha Botanical Gardens, Paynes Prairie Preserve State Park, Marjorie Kinnan Rawling's home in nearby Cross Creek, and many natural sinkholes, such as Devils Millhopper (said to be the largest in Florida).

2 City (1990 pop. 17,885), seat of Hall co., N central Ga., on Lake Lanier, in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mts.; inc. 1821. It is a trade center for NE Georgia and has poultry-processing, clothing and textile, lumber, furniture, and pharmaceutical industries. Brenau Univ. is there. Riverside Military Academy and Chattahoochee National Forest are nearby.

3 Town (1990 pop. 14,256), seat of Cooke co., N Tex., on the Elm Fork of the Trinity River; inc. 1873. It is the commercial and industrial hub of a farm and oil area. Electrical equipment; metal, plastic, and fiberglass products; and tools are among its manufactures. Gainesville was founded (1850) on the California Trail; later it became a stopping point on the Chisholm TrailChisholm Trail,
route over which vast herds of cattle were driven from Texas to the railheads in Kansas after the Civil War. Its name is generally believed to come from Jesse Chisholm, a part-Cherokee trader who, in the spring of 1866, drove his wagon, heavily loaded with
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. Historical markers are on various houses, churches, and sites of early Native American raids.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Global Banking News-September 3, 2014--Cardinal Financial to acquire Virginia Heritage Bank's Gainesville office
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Fauquier Bankshares Inc (NASDAQ: FBSS) has announced the opening of its new branch located at 7485 Limestone Drive in Gainesville, Virginia, on June 28.
The two parties said that the Gainesville Regional Airport's role as a DayBase complements its previously announced status as one of the first five DayPorts in DayJet's "Per-Seat, On-Demand" jet service network.
"The brutality of the attack was totally unexpected," Sabatella told the Gainesville Sun for August 7th.
Officials investigating Taylor's 1996 crime learned that Taylor reportedly had bragged to another Wisconsin inmate about killing a Gainesville woman in 1992.
Humphrey of the University of Florida in Gainesville.