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1 City (1990 pop. 84,770), seat of Alachua co., N central Fla.; inc. 1869. The Univ. of Florida is a major source of employment in the city. Agriculture and the manufacture of electronic equipment add to the economy. Points of interest, in addition to the huge campus of the university and the museums there, are Kanapaha Botanical Gardens, Paynes Prairie Preserve State Park, Marjorie Kinnan Rawling's home in nearby Cross Creek, and many natural sinkholes, such as Devils Millhopper (said to be the largest in Florida).

2 City (1990 pop. 17,885), seat of Hall co., N central Ga., on Lake Lanier, in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mts.; inc. 1821. It is a trade center for NE Georgia and has poultry-processing, clothing and textile, lumber, furniture, and pharmaceutical industries. Brenau Univ. is there. Riverside Military Academy and Chattahoochee National Forest are nearby.

3 Town (1990 pop. 14,256), seat of Cooke co., N Tex., on the Elm Fork of the Trinity River; inc. 1873. It is the commercial and industrial hub of a farm and oil area. Electrical equipment; metal, plastic, and fiberglass products; and tools are among its manufactures. Gainesville was founded (1850) on the California Trail; later it became a stopping point on the Chisholm TrailChisholm Trail,
route over which vast herds of cattle were driven from Texas to the railheads in Kansas after the Civil War. Its name is generally believed to come from Jesse Chisholm, a part-Cherokee trader who, in the spring of 1866, drove his wagon, heavily loaded with
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. Historical markers are on various houses, churches, and sites of early Native American raids.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Connie White, director of media and technology for Lakeview Academy in Gainsville, GA, believes security concerns need to be balanced with educational ones: "Web 2.0, that's where kids are.
On March 20, Florida Pastor Terry Jones, who last year put off a burning of the Koran, allowed for the book to be burned by one of his assistants at his Doveworld Outreach compound in Gainsville, Florida at an event resembling a trial.
Ben Briscoe missed the cut in a Hooters Tour event in Gainsville, Georgia after a pair of 75s, only the third cut the 27-year-old Old Colwyn member has missed in the last three years.
The Gainsville Sun has covered the pastor many times before for outrageous, bigoted billboards and protests; the story grew out of hand from there.
Bridget Grogan, associate news director for pubcaster WUFT-TV in Gainsville, Fla., and faculty advisor for the ABC News on Campus U.
But even after Petraeus and Obama called on Jones to cancel the event, and after he was denied an open burning permit by the city of Gainsville, Jones announced he would move forward with his plans, saying, "We think it's time to turn the tables, and instead of possibly blaming us for what could happen, we put the blame where it belongs--on the people who would do it," Jones told the Associated Press.
Reverend Jones managed to keep the entire world in suspense for almost a week - a remarkable achievement for a priest with just 30-odd followers in his home town, Gainsville, Florida - even if he thanks God for the feat.
The pastor of a small right-wing church organization in Gainsville, Florida called off his threat to burn copies of the Holy Qur'an on Sept.
Gainsville elected the openly-gay Lowe as mayor earlier this year.