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(1) Teaching the details of a subject. With regard to software, training provides instruction for each command and function in an application. Contrast with education.

(2) In communications, the process by which two modems determine the correct protocols and transmission speeds to use.

(3) In voice recognition systems, the recording of the user's voice in order to provide samples and patterns for recognizing that voice.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in fruit growing and ornamental horticulture, imparting a certain shape to the crowns of trees. The crowns of fruit trees and shrubs are made light-permeable, sturdy, and compact to ensure high yields and convenience in managing, cultivation, and harvesting (by mechanized means). Crown shapes are classified as high-trunk (taller than 150 cm), average trunk (70–100 cm), low-trunk (50–60 cm), shrub (shorter than 40 cm), and trunkless (berry bushes and, sometimes, plum, cherry, and certain spreading forms). Depending on the arrangement of the branches, the crowns may be free-growing (improved-natural) or artificial.

Most common in fruit-growing is the free-growing crown, in the formation of which the natural growth of the tree or shrub is only slightly disrupted. Free-growing crowns include the whorled-layered crown whose principal skeletal branches are arranged in whorls of five in two or three layers, and the thinned-layered crown whose skeletal branches are arranged in layers of three, with solitary branches between them. Artificial crown shapes are used in topiary work and in ornamental horticulture. In beautifying city streets trees are usually trained to have a high trunk (up to 2 m) and a spherical crown. In parks trees are often trained in the form of geometric shapes, vases, and animals. Training is usually begun in plant nurseries and completed at the permanent planting site. The principal method of tree training is pruning.




The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Effects of robot-assisted gait training on spatiotemporal gait parameters and balance in patients with chronic stroke: A randomized controlled pilot trial.
Circuit Gait Training Group (CGTG): Eight work stations of different activities related to balance and gait were defined at each work stations.
Pal, "Effect of partial weight-supported treadmill gait training on balance in patients with Parkinson disease," PM&R : The Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation, vol.
This research aimed to assess the influence of robot-assisted gait training on balance and to verify the functional independence in daily living activities of chronic stroke survivors with ataxia after at least one year of injury.
Gait training of a stroke patient who still suffers from muscle weakness demands great physical effort from both the patient and several physiotherapists.
Borg, "Gait training early after stroke with a new exoskeleton-the hybrid assistive limb: a study of safety and feasibility," Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation, vol.
A personalized gait training intervention video was created for each participant by editing the video that was captured during the baseline testing session using iMovie ([R]Apple Inc.).
So far, it appears that BWSTT and robot-assisted gait training have fallen short of their promise [20].
An exercise like horse pawing was used for increasing knee flexors and planter flexors strength as preparation for gait training [24].
Gait training began on treatment number 7, which was postoperative day 20.
Various latest facilities that would be offered by Amity Physiotherapy OPD include Well Equipped Exercise Therapy unit, Treadmill, C.P.M, Cryo Therapy, Gait Training, Hydro- Collator Packs, Infrared radiation Therapy, Interferential Therapy, L.A.S.E.R, Lumbar and Cervical Traction, Manipulation and Mobilization, Multi Channel Slimming Therapy, Muscle Stimulation, Myofascial Release Techniques, P.N.F Techniques, P.R.E Techniques, Paraffin wax Bath therapy, Short wave Diathermy, Soft Tissue Therapy and Ultrasonic Therapy.