training

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training

(1) Teaching the details of a subject. With regard to software, training provides instruction for each command and function in an application. Contrast with education.

(2) In communications, the process by which two modems determine the correct protocols and transmission speeds to use.

(3) In voice recognition systems, the recording of the user's voice in order to provide samples and patterns for recognizing that voice.

Training

 

in fruit growing and ornamental horticulture, imparting a certain shape to the crowns of trees. The crowns of fruit trees and shrubs are made light-permeable, sturdy, and compact to ensure high yields and convenience in managing, cultivation, and harvesting (by mechanized means). Crown shapes are classified as high-trunk (taller than 150 cm), average trunk (70–100 cm), low-trunk (50–60 cm), shrub (shorter than 40 cm), and trunkless (berry bushes and, sometimes, plum, cherry, and certain spreading forms). Depending on the arrangement of the branches, the crowns may be free-growing (improved-natural) or artificial.

Most common in fruit-growing is the free-growing crown, in the formation of which the natural growth of the tree or shrub is only slightly disrupted. Free-growing crowns include the whorled-layered crown whose principal skeletal branches are arranged in whorls of five in two or three layers, and the thinned-layered crown whose skeletal branches are arranged in layers of three, with solitary branches between them. Artificial crown shapes are used in topiary work and in ornamental horticulture. In beautifying city streets trees are usually trained to have a high trunk (up to 2 m) and a spherical crown. In parks trees are often trained in the form of geometric shapes, vases, and animals. Training is usually begun in plant nurseries and completed at the permanent planting site. The principal method of tree training is pruning.

REFERENCES

See references under PRUNING FRUIT AND BERRY PLANTS.

B. P. ANZIN

References in periodicals archive ?
In comparison to the time-intensive training protocol adopted by Werner and Gentile, the current study implemented a gait training intervention that would be less demanding on clinical resources and, therefore, more feasible for implementation within a clinical rehabilitation context.
So far, it appears that BWSTT and robot-assisted gait training have fallen short of their promise [20].
Greater neuroplastic changes may occur when CMLs are incorporated into therapeutic activities and gait training.
Pohl, Mehrholz, Ritschel, and Ruckriem, (2002) compared the effects of a 4-week structured speed-dependent treadmill training (STT) to limited progressive treadmill training (LTT) and to conventional gait training (CGT) in subacute stroke patients with limited community ambulation.
Manual gait training averages around 100 steps in a 10-minute session; robotic exoskeleton machines facilitate up to 1,000 steps in a 15- to 20-minute session.
In conjunction with improvements in balance, gait training also progressed to uneven ground, inclines and stairs.
It promotes proper gait training, and it doesn't send out that 'I'm an invalid' message," Nash says.
1997) concluded that balance and gait training can significantly improve some gait and balance measures beyond the improvements achieved from strength training alone.
rehabilitation nurse, physical therapist, occupational therapist, recreational therapist) applying compensatory skill training assists and directs the client in mobility and gait training (e.
Patients with paralysis below the waist resulting from a spinal cord injury will be able to participate in gait training using ReWalk.
The purpose of this study was to measure the clinical outcomes for patients with stroke after gait training with body weight support (BWS) and with no body weight support (no-BWS).
Gait dynamics following variable and constant speed gait training in individuals with chronic stroke.