Grison

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Grison

 

a genus of predatory mammals of the family Mustelidae. Its members are similar to polecats in their size, body build, and way of life. The body is 40–55 cm long, the tail is 16–19 cm long, and the animal weighs up to 3 kg. The body is elongated and close to the ground. The snout, neck, and belly are dark brown, and the upper part of the body and the tail are grayish; there is a broad white stripe across the forehead. There are two species: G. vittatus and G. cuja. They are found in America, south of Mexico. They inhabit both forest and open country and catch small animals and birds. When in danger they hide among stones or the roots of trees, simultaneously spraying a sharp-smelling liquid from their anal glands in self-defense. In October two to four young are born. Grisons that live near human dwellings cause substantial damage to poultry farming. They are relatively easily tamed and are sometimes used instead of cats to exterminate rats. Grisons are hunted for their fur.

References in periodicals archive ?
Em revisoes sobre a zooarqueologia brasileira, em particular no tocante aos vertebrados terrestres, nao ocorrem registros em outras regioes sobre a presenca de Galictis cuja (Molina 1782) relacionado a contextos culinarios ou mortuarios, nem mesmo para as aves de rapina em geral (Queiroz 1999; Queiroz e Carvalho 2008; Queiroz 2010).
Order Family Species Habitat Carnivora Canidae Pseudalopex GT culpaeus Felidae Lynchailurus GT jacobita Mustelidae Galictis cuja GT Artiodactyla Camelidae Vicugna vicugna GT Rodentia Muridae Akodon albiventer T Akodon boliviensis GT Auliscomys sublimis T Bolomys amoenus GT Calomys lepidus GT Chroeomys jelskii T Phyllotis T xanthopygus Lagomorpha Leporidae Oryctolagus GT cuniculus Table 4.
6%) DASYPODIDAE Dasypus novemcinctus C 2 L3 Dasypus yepesi C 2 L3, L8 Euphractus sexcinctus N, C 87 I CEBIDAE Sapajus cay C 2 L3, L5 CANIDAE Cerdocyon thous N, C 280 I Lycalopex gymnocercus C 20 I FELIDAE Leopardus geoffroyi C, S 11 I Leopardus pardalis N, C, S 91 I Leopardus tigrinus C 1 L6 Leopardus wiedii N, C 30 I Panthera onca C 2 L4, L5 Puma concolor N, C 11 I Puma yagouaroundi N, C, S 20 Lnf (70%) MUSTELIDAE Eira barbara N, C, S 460 i Galictis cuja C 1 L6 MEPHITIDAE Conepatus chinga N 2 LI, L2 PROCYONIDAE Nasua nasua N, C 53 I Procyon cancrivorus C, S 36 I CERVIDAE Mazama americana N 6 L2, L3, L6, L7 Mazama gouazoubira N, C, S 193 I TAYASSUIDAE Pecari tajacu N, C, S 142 I TAPIRIDAE Tapirus terrestris N, C 63 Lnf (55.
Cuvier, 1798) Mustelidae Lontra longicaudis (Olfers, 1818) A2, A3 DF, DI, MA Galictis cuja (Molina, 1782) A3 DI, MA Mephitidae Conepatus chinga (Molina, 1782) A1, A2, A3 DI, MA Felidae Leopardus geoffroyi A3 MA (d'Orbigny & Gervais, 1844) Rodentia Caviidae Hydrochaerus hydrochaeris A3 DI, MA (Linnaeus, 1766) Myocastoridae Myocastor coypus (Molina, 1782) A1, A3 DF, DI, MA Taxa Type of records Didelphimorphia Didelphidae Didelphis albiventris Lund, 1840 FO Lutreolina crassicaudata FO (Desmarest, 1804) Cingulata Dasypodidae Dasypus hybridus (Desmarest, 1804) FO, BU Dasypus novemcinctus Linnaeus, 1758 FO, BU, SI Euphractus sexcinctus FO, BU (Linnaeus, 1758) Lagomorpha Leporidae Lepus europaeus (Pallas 1778) FO, FE, SI Carnivora Canidae Lycalopexgymnocercus FO (G.
Geoffroy Jaguarundi II Saint-Hilaire, 1803) Leopardus wiedii (Schinz, 1821) Margay I Leopardus jacobita (Cornalia, 1865) Andean Cat I Leopardus tigrinus (Schreber, 1775) Oncilla I MUSTELIDAE Lontra felina (Molina, 1782) Marine otter I Eira barbara (Linnaeus, 1758) Tayra III Lontra longicaudis (Olfers, 1818) Neotropical I otter Pteronura brasiliensis (Gmelin, 1788) Giant otter I Galictis vittata (Schreber, 1776) Greater grison III CANIDAE Lycalopex culpaeus (Molina, 1782) Andean fox II Speothos venaticus (Lund, 1842) Bush dog I Lycalopex griseus (Gray 1837) South American II grey fox Chrysocyon brachyurus (Illiger, 1815) Maned wolf II URSIDAE Tremarctos ornatus (F.
2007), el huron Galictis cuja (Yensen y Tarifa 2003) y el gato de pajonal Leopardus colocolo (Cossios et al.
Otros registros interesantes son los de Cyclopes didactylus, Microsciurus alfari, Tylomys watsoni, Lontra longicaudis, Galictis vittata, Puma concolor y Leopardus tigrinus, especies con pocos registros anteriores en la region o en Costa Rica, algunas de las cuales se encuentran en peligro de extincion.
El orden mejor representado fue Carnivora, con 5 especies (Puma yagouaroundi, Cerdocyon thous, Galictis vittata, Lontra longicaudis y Procyon cancrivorus).
Los mustelidos de America del Sur estan representados por 11 especies vivientes: el gulonino Eira barbara; los hurones lincodontininos Lyncodon patagonicus, Galictis cuja y G.
For example, we do not know the chronologies and mechanisms that triggered the apparent expansion of Lycalopex culpaeus (Canidae) from western Andean areas to the steppes at the east, or Galictis cuja (Mustelidae) from north to south, as had been reported by Dennler (1942) over the basis of scattered and anecdotic observations.
Smith, 1842 Eira barbara Colombia 0-3200 (Linnaeus, 1758) Galictis Bell, 1826 Galictis Andina, Caribe, Ant, Cau, Cun, 0-1220 vittata Orinoquia Mag, Met, Suc, (Schreber, Vic 1776) Lontra Gray, 1843 Lontra Colombia 0-2800 longicaudis (Olfers, 1818) Mustela Linnaeus, 1758 Mustela felipei Andina: Cord.
A partir de esta informacion se generaron mapas de distribucion y densidad relativa para una especie de artiodactilo (Lama guanicoe); ocho especies de carnivoros (Puma concolor, Leopardus colocolo pajeros, Leopardus geoffroyi, Pseudalopex griseus, Pseudalopex culpaeus, Conepatus humboldtii, Galictis cuja y Lyncodon patagonicus); dos especies de armadillos (Chaetophractus villosus y Zaedyus pichiy) y un roedor de tamano medio, la mara (Dolichotis patagonum).