Galina Sergeevna Ulanova
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Ulanova, Galina Sergeevna
Born Dec. 26, 1909 (Jan. 8, 1910)’, in St. Petersburg. Soviet ballerina. People’s Artist of the USSR (1951). Hero of Socialist Labor (1974).
The daughter of dancers, Ulanova graduated in 1928 from the Leningrad Choreographic School, where she studied with her mother, M. F. Romanova, and with A. Ia. Vaganova. That same year she was accepted into the ballet troupe of the Leningrad Theater of Opera and Ballet (later renamed after S. M. Kirov). From 1944 to 1960 she was a soloist in the ballet troupe of the Bolshoi Theater in Moscow.
The characters Ulanova portrayed possessed a unique fragility, vulnerability, and femininity (for example, the title role in Adam’s Giselle), yet, at the same time, were endowed with unyielding strength and heroic spirit (for example, Maria in Asafev’s The Fountain of Bakhchisarai and Juliet in Prokofiev’s Romeo and Juliet). Ulanova was the leading exponent of the roles in P. I. Tchaikovsky’s ballets, namely, Odette-Odile in Swan Lake, Aurora in The Sleeping Beauty, and Masha in The Nutcracker. Her dancing was flawless and harmonious, based on an ideal combination of the real and the conventional. It was characterized by a rare harmony of all means of expression and choreographic elements. Ulanova was able to transcend balletic conventions and express the truth of human emotion on the stage. Her dancing developed the principles and traditions of the Russian school of choreography. Among her other roles were the title roles in Glazunov’s Raymonda and Prokofiev’s Cinderella, Parasha in Glière’s The Bronze Horseman, the waltz, nocturne, and mazurka in Chopiniana (also known as Les Sylphides), to music by Chopin, and the dance solo The Dying Swan, to music by Saint-Saëns. Ulanova, a consummate actress who embodied high tragedy on the ballet stage, created sweeping characterizations, conveying the most complex dramatic conflicts through dance. These qualities won her world acclaim.
Now retired from the stage, Ulanova works with young dancers. Her students include N. V. Timofeeva, E. S. Maksimova (Maximova), S. D. Adyrkhaeva, and L. I. Semenyaka. Over the years, she has toured extensively abroad.
Ulanova received the Lenin Prize in 1957 and the State Prize of the USSR in 1941, 1946, 1947, and 1950. She has also been awarded two Orders of Lenin, four other orders, and various medals.
REFERENCESGolubov, V. (Potapov). Tanets Galiny Ulanovoi. Leningrad, 1948. L’vov-Anokhin, B. Ulanova. Moscow, 1970. Bogdanov-Berezovskii, V. Galina Ulanova. Moscow-Leningrad, 1949.
Kahn, A. Dnis Ulanovoi. Moscow, 1963. (Translated from English.)
B. A. L’VOV-ANOKHIN