Galla Placidia


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Galla Placidia

(găl`ə pləsĭd`ēə), c.388–450, Roman empress of the West, daughter of Theodosius I. Captured by Alaric I in the course of his Italian campaign, she was held by the Visigoths as a hostage and married (414) Alaric's successor AtaulfAtaulf
, d. 415, Visigothic king (410–15). Succeeding his brother-in-law, Alaric I, he abandoned Alaric's scheme of southward expansion and led the Visigoths out of Italy into S Gaul (France) in 412.
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. After the murder (415) of Ataulf she was at first ill-treated but was returned in 416 to her brother HonoriusHonorius,
384–423, Roman emperor of the West (395–423). On the death (395) of Theodosius I, the Roman Empire was divided; Arcadius, the elder son, received the East, and Honorius, the younger son, received the West. This division proved to be a permanent one.
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. In 417 she married the general Constantius; shortly before his death he was made (421) coemperor as Constantius IIIConstantius III,
d. 421, Roman emperor of the West (421). In 411, as general of Honorius, he defeated Gerontius and Constantine; thereafter he was the virtual ruler of the West.
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. In 423 she quarreled with Honorius and fled to the court of Theodosius II; after the death of Honorius she became regent for her son Valentinian IIIValentinian III,
419–55, Roman emperor of the West (425–55). Two years after the death of his uncle, Honorius, he was placed on the throne by his cousin Theodosius II, who deposed the usurper John.
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, whom Theodosius placed on the throne after overthrowing (425) the usurper John. She had great personal influence over her son, but she was forced to leave the government largely in the hands of AetiusAetius,
c.396–454, Roman general. At first unfriendly to Valentinian III, he later made his peace with Valentinian's mother, Galla Placidia, and was given a command in Gaul.
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
Rome's Christian Empress: Galla Placidia Rules at the Twilight of Empire
Previously obscure periods, such as Hantars Surrealist phase between 1952 and 1955, were given unprecedented coverage, and long-separated paintings were reunited--some, as in the case of the pivotal Peinture (Ecriture rose) and A Galla Placidia, both 195859, for the first time since they left the painter's studio.
Hanging directly beside it, the slightly smaller A Galla Placidia revealed a surface layered with minuscule touches of paint strongly reminiscent of mosaic (a resonance reinforced by the title, given in honor of the fifth-century mausoleum at Ravenna).
be asleep and dreaming of the tomb of Galla Placidia in
One of the captives they had taken in Rome was Honorius's 20-year-old half-sister Galla Placidia, who was respectfully treated.
In 414 Athaulf married Galla Placidia, who thus became queen of the Visigoths.
Another class of building is represented by the small cruciform structure originally annexed to a basilica built in Ravenna by the princess Galla Placidia.
Gregory of Nyssa's sister, Macrina, exemplifies a female ascetic, the abbess Egeria a female pilgrim, and Galla Placidia an empress.
411); reputedly deeply in love with Honorius' sister, Galla Placidia, he served Honorius as a loyal subordinate for many years; as consul and patrician of the empire (414), he drove the Goths from most of Gaul (414-415), and concluded his war with them by a favorable treaty (416); finally married Galla Placidia (417) while serving as consul for a second time; closely involved in the arrangement whereby the Visigoths received Aquitania (south-western France) and largely left Spain (418-419); appointed coemperor with the title of Augustus in Rome (February 8, 421); died, apparently of natural causes, at Ravenna (September 2).