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see OromoOromo
or Galla
, traditionally pastoral tribes who live in W and S Ethiopia and N Kenya. They number more than 25 million. About half are Muslim, about a third Ethiopian Orthodox, and about a sixth Protestant.
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Gallas, a people living in Ethiopia and northern Kenya. Their population is more than 5.9 million in Ethiopia and approximately 50,000 in Kenya (1967, estimate). Their language belongs to the Cushitic group of the Semito-Hamitic language family.

The Galla are subdivided into several groups, among them the Tulama (Shoa Province), Macha (Wallaga Province), Arusi, and Boran (Sidamo Province and Kenya). Their main occupation is farming, which is combined with cattle raising in central and western Ethiopia; cattle raising is the chief occupation in southern Ethiopia and Kenya. Some of the Galla profess Christianity of the Monophysite sect; others are Muslims. In central Ethiopia the Galla are consolidated with other peoples into a single Ethiopian nation.


Rait, M. V. Narody Efiopii. Moscow, 1965.
Haberland, E. Galla Süd-Äthiopiens. [Stuttgart] 1963.




the language of the Galla people in southern and eastern Ethiopia and northern Kenya (approximately 6 million people; 1967, estimate). Galla belongs to the Cushitic group of the Semito-Hamitic language family.

The consonant system of Galla contains glottalized k and t and preglottalized d. Tones and the length of vowels and consonants play a phonological role. Grammatical meaning is expressed primarily by means of suffixes, which are basically agglutinative but with strong phonetic interference from adjacent morphemes, which brings the word structure close to that of the inflectional type. Case relations are expressed by noun suffixes, postpositions, and accent. There is a marked nominative case. The noun has semigrammatical categories of singularity (similar to the Russian goroshina, “pea”) and plurality (used much less frequently than in European languages). The verb is inflected for the person, number, and gender of the subject and for tense, mood, and voice (reflexive, passive, causative, and so on); it has special negative forms. Word formation is of the suffixal type. The Semito-Hamitic internal inflection has been lost. Word order is relatively fixed: the verb-predicate is located at the end of the sentence, and the attributive usually follows the dependent member.


Moreno, M. M. Grammatica teorico-pratica della lingua galla con esercizi. Rome, 1939.
Thiene, G. da. Dizionario della lingua galla. Harar, 1939.
Tucker, A. N., and M. A. Bryan. Linguistic Analysis: The Non-Bantu Languages of North-Eastern Africa. London-New York-Cape Town, 1966.


References in periodicals archive ?
Gallas, a free agent, was offered only a one-year deal by the Gunners, who were also not willing to hand him a pay rise.
That prompted Robert Pires to leave for Villarreal, but Wenger will make an exception in the case of Gallas, 33 in August, whose contract expires at the end of the season.
Defender Gallas was stripped of the captaincy and left out of Saturday's defeat at Manchester City.
Gallas has been quoted in the Evening Standard as being open to an eventual return to France for the final stages of his career, which adds fuel to questions of his long-term commitment to Arsenal.
Arsenal ace Gallas and his team-mates were annoyed about their 0-0 draw with Romania but feel they can put on a much-improved display against van Basten's dazzlers in Berne.
However, it had looked to be a sound judgement by the Arsenal manager, as Gallas took his young team to the top of the table and towards the knockout stages of the Champions League.
Gallas, 30, started the season doubting the direction of Arsenal following the departure of Thierry Henry, but he has watched from the sidelines as the club made a fine start to top the Barclays Premier League.
Gallas joined the Gunners as part of a deadline day deal which took Ashley Cole in the opposite direction.
Gallas has denied making the threat but he is sure to face a hot reception when the Gunnersvisit Stamford Bridge on December 10.
Spurs boss Redknapp will again put his faith in Gallas by giving him the armband and also revealed he wants to tie him down to a new contract long before his current deal expires at the end of the season.
But sources close to Gallas, 32, have indicated he is keen to pen a new agreement soon, rather than take up an option to join his old Chelsea chief Claudio Ranieri at Italian title-chasers Roma.
But manager Arsene Wenger has been hugely impressed with the form of Gallas over the last 12 months and wants him to play for at least one more season.