Gallipoli Peninsula

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Gallipoli Peninsula,

Lat. Chersonesus Thracica, narrow peninsula, c.50 mi (80 km) long, W Turkey, extending southwestward between the Aegean Sea and the DardanellesDardanelles
or Çanakkale Boğazi
, strait, c.40 mi (60 km) long and from 1 to 4 mi (1.6 to 6.4 km) wide, connecting the Aegean Sea with the Sea of Marmara and separating the Gallipoli peninsula of European Turkey from Asian Turkey.
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. The port of Gallipoli gives it its name. It was the scene of the Gallipoli campaignGallipoli campaign,
1915, Allied expedition in World War I for the purpose of gaining control of the Dardanelles and Bosporus straits, capturing Constantinople, and opening a Black Sea supply route to Russia.
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 of 1915 and was (1920–36) part of the demilitarized Zone of the Straits.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gallipoli Peninsula


(Turkish, Gelibolu; in antiquity, Chersonesus Thracica), a peninsula in the European part of Turkey, between the Dardanelles Strait and the Saros Gulf of the Aegean Sea. Length, 90 km; maximum width, 20 km. It is made up of Paleocene sandstones and clays. It has a flat relief with individual hilly ridges of up to 420 m. Vegetation is of the Mediterranean type. Located on the Gallipoli Peninsula is the seaport of Gelibolu.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Australian team touched down in England on Friday but decided to bond as a unit in the Gallipoli peninsula in southern part of East Thrace, the European part of Turkey, which holds great significance in Australia's history as this was the battleground where 11,000 Australian and New Zealand soldiers lost their lives in a disastrous Allied military offensive during the First World War.
These rare photographs capture the horrors of the trenches during the First World War Above: British soldiers in France show off their humour with a poster stating Hotel De Ritz, circa 1916 Left: British officers cook a casserole in an army helmet 1917 Right: Charge by Naval Division on the Gallipoli Peninsula, Below, left: Lord Kitchener (second right) seen here on a tour of the trenches in the Dardanelles with General Maxwell (second left).
The Gallipoli Campaign took place on the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey, between April 1915 and January 1916.
In the aftermath of the war Wood (1919) carried out an assessment of Turkish mapping and Dowson (1937, 133), the Director of the Survey of Egypt, commented on the 'up-todateness, accuracy and informativeness (of the) defensive survey of the Gallipoli Peninsula', but after this little more interest was shown.
When the boys head off to war and perish in the ill-fated clash with Turkish forces on the Gallipoli peninsula, Joshua sets out to honour a promise to his wife to bring their remains back home, but the military isn't always sympathetic to his quest.
Few survived that first hour on the Gallipoli Peninsula, let alone the first day.
EcANAKKALE (CyHAN)- A dawn service was held at Anzac Cove of Gallipoli Peninsula by the Australians and New Zealanders to commemorate the 101st Anniversary of Ecanakkale Ground War during which Anzac military forces carried out landing operation to Gallipoli in World War I.
It's believed around 58,000 Allied soldiers - including 29,000 British and Irish and 11,000 Australians and New Zealanders - lost their lives during the battle on the Gallipoli peninsula.
Secretary of the War Cabinet Maurice Hankey, Chancellor of the Exchequer David Lloyd George, and Churchill advocated military operations against Turkey on the Gallipoli Peninsula. (7) They agreed that the Ottoman Empire was weak and that "Germany [could] perhaps be struck most effectively, and with the most lasting results on the peace of the world through her allies, and particularly through Turkey." (8) Thus, within weeks of the outbreak of war, British attention turned east.
The boys head off to war and perish in the ill-fated clash with Turkish forces on the Gallipoli peninsula. Joshua honours a promise to his wife to bring the remains of their sons back home.
This is a film that doesn't glorify war a bit, despite the legend that has grown up around the tens of thousands of Australian and New Zealand troops sacrificed during the failed offensive on the Gallipoli peninsula in 1915.