Gallnut


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gallnut

[′gȯl‚nət]
(plant pathology)
A gall resembling a nut.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gallnut

 

a gall formed on young branches and leaves of certain species of oak and sumac. Gallnuts form at the sites where the larvae of gall wasps or aphids develop. They are spherical or somewhat elongated excrescences measuring 1.5–2 cm or more in diameter. Gallnuts contain tannins (up to 70 percent of the dry mass), which are used for tanning leather and making pharma ceuticals (for example, astringents).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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