Galloway, Joseph

Galloway, Joseph

(găl`əwā'), c.1731–1803, American Loyalist leader, b. West River, Md. Galloway was a prominent lawyer with an interest in commerce and in speculation in Western lands. He entered the Pennsylvania assembly in 1756 and soon joined Benjamin Franklin in petitioning the king to abolish the proprietary government of the Penns. As speaker of the Pennsylvania assembly (1766–75) he attempted to conciliate between the colonies and the British government; he believed that the growing conflict could be settled by legal means, especially by a written constitution for the empire. Galloway served as a delegate to the first Continental Congress and proposed a plan for union between the colonies and Great Britain. Unable to maintain neutrality in the American Revolution, he joined Sir William Howe after the British occupied Philadelphia and acted as civil administrator during the British occupation of the city. Later (1778) Galloway went to England and became the spokesman of American Loyalists there.

Bibliography

See study by B. H. Newcomb (1972).

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Galloway, Joseph

(c. 1731–1803) colonial statesman, Loyalist; born in West River, Md. He served in the Pennsylvania assembly (1756–64, 1766–76) and was a delegate to the First Continental Congress in 1774. He believed that the creation of a written constitution for the British empire would solve the existing political problems in the colonies. He joined the Loyalist camp and became the civil administrator for Philadelphia during its occupation by British soldiers (1777–78). He spent his last 25 years in England.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.