Galuppi, Baldassare(bäldäs-sä`rā gälo͞op`pē), 1706–85, Italian composer. A pupil of Lotti, he developed the opera buffa style in the period between Scarlatti and Mozart, and he also wrote oratorios and chamber music. He is immortalized in Robert Browning's poem "A Toccata of Galuppi's."
(also Buranello, after his place of birth). Born Oct. 18, 1706, on Burano Island, near Venice; died Jan. 3, 1785, in Venice. Italian composer.
Galuppi directed the choir at St. Mark’s Cathedral in Venice. From 1765 to 1768 he was the court conductor in St. Petersburg, where he produced his operas The Shepherd King, Dido Abandoned (1766), and Iphigenia in Tauris (1768). Galuppi was a representative of the Venetian school and a very eminent master of opera buff a. He wrote numerous operas, 20 of which were based on C. Goldoni’s librettos. One of them is the very popular Country Philosopher (1754). Galuppi also composed dramatic cantatas, serenades, oratorios, sacred concerti, and clavier concerti and sonatas.
REFERENCESFindeizen, N. Ocherki po istorii muzyki v Rossii s drevneishikh vremen do XVIII veka, vol. 2, part 5. Moscow-Leningrad, 1928.
Keldysh, Iu. V. Russkaia muzyka XVIII v. Moscow, 1965.
Della Corte, A. B. Galuppi. Siena, 1948.
Mooser, R. A. Annales de la musique et des musiciens en Russie au XVIII siècle, vol. 2. Geneva, 1951.