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(găl`vəstən), city (1990 pop. 59,070), seat of Galveston co., on Galveston Island, SE Tex.; inc. 1839. The island lies across the entrance to Galveston Bay, an inlet of the Gulf of Mexico. Long causeways connect the city with the mainland, HoustonHouston,
city (1990 pop. 1,630,553), seat of Harris co., SE Tex., a deepwater port on the Houston Ship Channel; inc. 1837. Economy

The fourth largest city in the nation and the largest in the entire South and Southwest, Houston is a port of entry; a great
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, and Texas CityTexas City,
city (1990 pop. 40,822), Galveston co., S Tex., on Galveston Bay, opposite the city of Galveston; inc. 1911. It is a railroad terminus and an industrial city and port with huge oil refineries, chemical plants, a large copper smelter, and factories making plastics and
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. Once Texas's largest port, Galveston has been overshadowed by nearby Houston, whose port is linked to the gulf by a canal. Galveston remains a port of entry, however, and is also a destination for cruise ships. Oil refining and shipbuilding are major industries, and the city has metal fabricating, printing, seafood processing, and the manufacture of steel containers. It is also a beach and fishing resort, with its attractions enhanced by pink and white oleanders, bougainvillea, and other subtropical blooms.

The Spanish knew the bay and the island early; it was probably there that Cabeza de VacaCabeza de Vaca, Álvar Núñez
, c.1490–c.1557, Spanish explorer. Cabeza de Vaca [cow's head] was not actually a surname but a hereditary title in his mother's family; he is frequently called simply Álvar Núñez.
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 was shipwrecked in 1528. Settlement began in the 1830s. The natural port came gradually into its own despite scourges of yellow fever, hurricanes, and the occupation for a few months in 1862 by a small Union force. A 1900 hurricane resulted in thousands of deaths and left the city in ruins. Against future storms an enormous 10-mi (16-km)-long protective seawall was built; however, occasional hurricanes still can cause significant damage, especially on the portions of the island not protected by the seawall. Hurricane Ike (2008) was especially destructive.

Of interest are the Texas Heroes monument, the Rosenberg Library, several old homes, and a 142-acre nature and entertainment complex that includes a 10-story glass pyramid with rain forests and a bamboo forest. A Coast Guard base is in Galveston, as is the Univ. of Texas Medical Branch (including the Galveston National Laboratory) and a campus of Texas A&M Univ (including the Texas Maritime Academy).


See E. Larson, Isaac's Storm (1999).

References in periodicals archive ?
Ted Cruz visited the Galveston County Office of Emergency Management to not only talk about the federal government's accomplishments in the wake of Hurricane Harvey but to find out what they can improve upon.
Mosquito Mike is a professional pest exterminator specializing in mosquito control for customers throughout Galveston County and Smith County, including the greater Galveston, Texas area and Tyler, Texas area.
Visit the Galveston Railroad Museum (galvestonrrmuseum.
The Galveston County Food Bank will also use a portion of the climate-controlled space to store donated foodstuff.
Ron Sutula, the park general manager, said, 'Schlitterbahn Galveston Island Indoor Waterpark offers a fun and safe spring break vacation spot that the entire family will enjoy.
8,000 Number of people killed in Galveston by worst hurricane to hit USA in 1900.
Reader Hoye provides a marvelous narration with his sweetly innocent-sounding delivery (For more information on the Galveston hurricane of 1900 check out Isaac's Storm by Erik Larson, reviewed in KLIATT, March 2001.
Once installed, the meteorological towers will help gather data to determine exactly where the 150-MW wind energy development will be built on an 11,355-acre lease about seven miles off the coast of Galveston Island.
Si se quedo con las ganas de ir a la piscina este verano, no se preocupe, porque todavia lo puede hacer al visitar Schlitterbahn en Galveston.
As the crew rushed aboard the submarine before 10,000 spectators at the Port of Galveston, two F/A-18 Hornets roared across the sky, followed by a formation of three World War II-era Navy warplanes.
GBB has the option to sell pure biodiesel or biodiesel blended with off-road or on-road diesel into marine, commercial, trucking and industrial markets in the Galveston and Houston metro areas.
Although UTMB is a mile inland in Galveston, the installation was complicated by sandy soil and high tides, which caused the trench that was being dug for the bollards to fill up with saltwater every day.

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