Gamal Abdel Nasser


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nasser, Gamal Abdel

 

Born Jan. 15, 1918, in Beni Mor, Asyut Province, Egypt; died Sept. 28, 1970, in Cairo. Statesman and political figure in Egypt.

The son of a postal worker, Nasser graduated from a secondary school in Cairo in 1935 and from the Royal Military Academy in Cairo in 1939 with the rank of second lieutenant. After serving in Egypt and the Sudan, he was sent to the military college of the General Staff in 1942 and graduated with distinction. He took part in the Arab-Israeli War of 1948–49 and was wounded. Holding the rank of lieutenant colonel, from 1949 to 1952 he taught at the military college of the General Staff.

Nasser founded and headed the Free Officers, a secret political organization that planned and carried out an anti-imperialist and antifeudal revolution on July 23, 1952. Nasser became deputy chairman and later chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council. From 1954 to 1956, with brief interruptions, he was prime minister and simultaneously carried out the duties of president. From June 1956 he was president of Egypt. Nasser headed the struggle of the Egyptian people against the Anglo-Franco-Israeli aggression against Egypt in 1956, and from 1956 was commander in chief of the armed forces.

Nasser devoted great attention to the development of Egypt’s economy. In June 1962, the National Congress of Popular Powers ratified the Charter of National Action, which was prepared under Nasser’s direct supervision and which set forth progressive aims for Egyptian domestic and foreign policy. Nasser also actively supported the unity of the Arab peoples in their struggle for national independence. In 1963 he became chairman of the Arab Socialist Union. Despite the Egyptian military defeat resulting from the Israeli aggression against the Arab countries in 1967 and the accompanying economic and political difficulties, Nasser was supported by the masses of the people and continued to implement progressive socioeconomic measures. On Mar. 30, 1968, he set forth a program of action to do away with the consequences of the Israeli aggression.

Nasser convened or actively participated in many international conferences of heads of state and government, at which he defended the cause of all peoples struggling for freedom and independence. He was a consistent advocate of strengthening the friendship and expanding the all-around cooperation between Egypt and the Soviet Union.

WORKS

Falsafat al-thavrah. (Philosophy of the Revolution.) Cairo, 1954.
Khutab wa tasrihat. (Speeches and Addresses.) Cairo, 1960.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Gamal Abdel Nasser went to Syria when unity was declared with Egypt, and there, the Syrians carried Nasser's car with him in it.
Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalized the Suez Canal.
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The Arab-Israeli War or Six-Day War was fought between June 5 and June 10, 1967, precipitated by Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser evicting United Nations peacekeeping forces in the region and, acting on false reports from the Soviet Union that Israel was assembling troops along the Syrian border, massing his own troops in the Sinai Peninsula on Israel's border.
Banned by President Gamal Abdel Nasser in 1954 after Brotherhood members attempted to assassinate him, Brotherhood candidates circumvent the ban by running as independents.
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You can use it in educational and research centers," Ahmadinejad said, addressing the Qatari Emir.During the press conference, Ahmadinejad also pointed to the fact that the device had been made by Iranian specialists and only five other countries apart from Iran are able to make the device.After receiving the gift, the Emir of Qatar stated, "In 1960s during Gamal Abdel Nasser rule, Iran gave a present to Qatar, which we still keep.
Marwan, a millionaire businessman and son-in-law of former Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser, fell to his death from the fourth-floor balcony of his London flat in 2007, when he was in his early 60s.
The key figures of the conference included Indonesian President Sukarno, Prime Minister Nehru of India, and President Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt.
BRITAIN drew up secret plans to cut off the flow of the River Nile to Egypt in an attempt to force President Gamal Abdel Nasser to give up the Suez Canal, according to official files made public today.