Gamal Abdel Nasser

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Nasser, Gamal Abdel

 

Born Jan. 15, 1918, in Beni Mor, Asyut Province, Egypt; died Sept. 28, 1970, in Cairo. Statesman and political figure in Egypt.

The son of a postal worker, Nasser graduated from a secondary school in Cairo in 1935 and from the Royal Military Academy in Cairo in 1939 with the rank of second lieutenant. After serving in Egypt and the Sudan, he was sent to the military college of the General Staff in 1942 and graduated with distinction. He took part in the Arab-Israeli War of 1948–49 and was wounded. Holding the rank of lieutenant colonel, from 1949 to 1952 he taught at the military college of the General Staff.

Nasser founded and headed the Free Officers, a secret political organization that planned and carried out an anti-imperialist and antifeudal revolution on July 23, 1952. Nasser became deputy chairman and later chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council. From 1954 to 1956, with brief interruptions, he was prime minister and simultaneously carried out the duties of president. From June 1956 he was president of Egypt. Nasser headed the struggle of the Egyptian people against the Anglo-Franco-Israeli aggression against Egypt in 1956, and from 1956 was commander in chief of the armed forces.

Nasser devoted great attention to the development of Egypt’s economy. In June 1962, the National Congress of Popular Powers ratified the Charter of National Action, which was prepared under Nasser’s direct supervision and which set forth progressive aims for Egyptian domestic and foreign policy. Nasser also actively supported the unity of the Arab peoples in their struggle for national independence. In 1963 he became chairman of the Arab Socialist Union. Despite the Egyptian military defeat resulting from the Israeli aggression against the Arab countries in 1967 and the accompanying economic and political difficulties, Nasser was supported by the masses of the people and continued to implement progressive socioeconomic measures. On Mar. 30, 1968, he set forth a program of action to do away with the consequences of the Israeli aggression.

Nasser convened or actively participated in many international conferences of heads of state and government, at which he defended the cause of all peoples struggling for freedom and independence. He was a consistent advocate of strengthening the friendship and expanding the all-around cooperation between Egypt and the Soviet Union.

WORKS

Falsafat al-thavrah. (Philosophy of the Revolution.) Cairo, 1954.
Khutab wa tasrihat. (Speeches and Addresses.) Cairo, 1960.
References in periodicals archive ?
James Fox stars in the first of a new three-part docu-drama series looking at the Egyptian uprising, led by president Gamal Abdul Nasser, against the British during the Suez Crisis.
In 1956, Egyptian President Gamal Abdul Nasser nationalised the canal, prompting retaliation by Britain, France and Israel.
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None more influential than the man who wrote the lines quoted above, Gamal Abdul Nasser.
The author makes a compelling case that the threat of Arab nationalism, instigated by Egyptian President Gamal Abdul Nasser, led Eisenhower, before Kennedy, to recast the Israeli role in the region.
The revolution which installed Gamal Abdul Nasser as President of Egypt in the early 1950s belongs to history but the memory of its ultimate failure to advance the cause of Arab nationalism endures and still hurts.
An army officer, Al Sadat took Egypt's helm in 1970, succeeding iconic president Gamal Abdul Nasser.
The goal was to develop regional allies on the periphery to counter the hostile "Arab core" of states led by Egypt under Gamal Abdul Nasser.
I believe Al-Sisi is promoting the idea of the one-voice journalism, like Gamal Abdul Nasser did, forgetting that it was a failure and that those were different times," Mahgoub said.
Gamal Abdul Nasser was involved in Egypt's 1952 military coup and later seized the presidency.
At the same time, whoever believed that El-Sissi would follow in the footsteps of the Portuguese army's captains were disappointed, as it was clear since the issuance of his warning to Mohamed Morsi that he wants to repeat the experience of Gamal Abdul Nasser, while avoiding the mistakes of Field Marshal Muhammad Tantawi and his military council.
Summary: While Colonel Gamal Abdul Nasser was perceived by American diplomats as the 'power behind the throne' with General Mohamed Naguib, the President, as a mere figurehead, archival evidence shows that Naguib had considerable influence over negotiations for arms deals with both the US and the Soviet Bloc during the first two years of the new regime.