Gamal Abdel Nasser

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nasser, Gamal Abdel

 

Born Jan. 15, 1918, in Beni Mor, Asyut Province, Egypt; died Sept. 28, 1970, in Cairo. Statesman and political figure in Egypt.

The son of a postal worker, Nasser graduated from a secondary school in Cairo in 1935 and from the Royal Military Academy in Cairo in 1939 with the rank of second lieutenant. After serving in Egypt and the Sudan, he was sent to the military college of the General Staff in 1942 and graduated with distinction. He took part in the Arab-Israeli War of 1948–49 and was wounded. Holding the rank of lieutenant colonel, from 1949 to 1952 he taught at the military college of the General Staff.

Nasser founded and headed the Free Officers, a secret political organization that planned and carried out an anti-imperialist and antifeudal revolution on July 23, 1952. Nasser became deputy chairman and later chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council. From 1954 to 1956, with brief interruptions, he was prime minister and simultaneously carried out the duties of president. From June 1956 he was president of Egypt. Nasser headed the struggle of the Egyptian people against the Anglo-Franco-Israeli aggression against Egypt in 1956, and from 1956 was commander in chief of the armed forces.

Nasser devoted great attention to the development of Egypt’s economy. In June 1962, the National Congress of Popular Powers ratified the Charter of National Action, which was prepared under Nasser’s direct supervision and which set forth progressive aims for Egyptian domestic and foreign policy. Nasser also actively supported the unity of the Arab peoples in their struggle for national independence. In 1963 he became chairman of the Arab Socialist Union. Despite the Egyptian military defeat resulting from the Israeli aggression against the Arab countries in 1967 and the accompanying economic and political difficulties, Nasser was supported by the masses of the people and continued to implement progressive socioeconomic measures. On Mar. 30, 1968, he set forth a program of action to do away with the consequences of the Israeli aggression.

Nasser convened or actively participated in many international conferences of heads of state and government, at which he defended the cause of all peoples struggling for freedom and independence. He was a consistent advocate of strengthening the friendship and expanding the all-around cooperation between Egypt and the Soviet Union.

WORKS

Falsafat al-thavrah. (Philosophy of the Revolution.) Cairo, 1954.
Khutab wa tasrihat. (Speeches and Addresses.) Cairo, 1960.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
We decided to attack him" (Egyptian President Gamal Nasser).
Britain's disastrous 1956 invasion of Egypt was talked about as though Gamal Nasser was a throwback to the fascist dictators of the 1930s.
Avoiding diplomatic intervention and bound to Britain's increasingly untenable imperial position, the United States could only await Gamal Nasser's militantly anti-western coup.
For instance, prior to the Six Day War in 1967, Egyptian President Gamal Nasser blockaded the critical Israeli transportation route in the Gulf of Aqaba and sent his tanks into the Sinai in order to prepare for-in his own words--"throwing the Zionists into the sea," and went further saying that, "our basic objective will be the destruction of Israel."...
(Mandela denies being an agent.) The claims of M16 plots to kill Egyptian President Gamal Nasser, Libya's Muammar al-Qaddafi, and Serbia's Slobodan Milosevic also won much more publicity than the manifest incompetence of the agency in failing (like the U.S.
Sadat never repudiated Gamal Nasser's Pan-Arabism, yet he deserted the Arab fold by signing Camp David Treaty in November 1978 followed by Egypt-Israeli peace treaty in 1979.