Gamaliel of Jabneh

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Gamaliel of Jabneh

(gəmā`lēəl, jăb`nē), fl. A.D. 100, Jewish scholar; grandson of the Gamaliel who, according to tradition, taught St. Paul the law. A Palestinian Tanna, he succeeded Johanan ben ZakkaiJohanan ben Zakkai
, leader of the Pharisees of Jerusalem before the destruction of the Temple in A.D. 70, afterward founder of the Jewish academy at Jamnia. He emphasized the study of the Torah as the primary religious duty for which humankind was created. After A.D.
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 as head of the academy at JamniaJamnia
, biblical Jabneel and Jabneh [Heb.,=God causes to build], ancient city, central Israel. Its modern name is Yavne. A central city of Philistia, the Bible refers to its walls being destroyed by Uzziah. It was pillaged by Judas Maccabaeus and later rebuilt.
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. He centralized rabbinic authority and was recognized by the Romans as a leader of his people. He played a significant role in the formulation of two important innovations in Jewish ritual: the final version of the Amidah (the 18 blessings) and the Passover seder, which substituted for the paschal sacrifice of the now destroyed Temple. He also helped to standardize the Jewish calendar.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Aristocratic rabbis, Johanan ben Zachai and Gamaliel II, for example, would probably have had a fair number, and if other rabbis had fewer or even none at all the explanation is their lesser economic standing, which sometime shows up in the fact that they also worked as artisans or craftsmen.
Shmuel was one of the second generation of Tannaim, who served under the Patriarch, Gamaliel II of Yavneh, during the last two decades of the first century C.E.
Nuri, who ranked high in the inner circle of the patriarch Gamaliel II: "I call upon heaven and earth to testify for me that on more than four or five occasions I had Akiba publicly flogged, because I had brought accusation against him before Rabban Gamaliel."(15) What the charges against R.