Gamma Ray Observatory


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Gamma Ray Observatory

(GRO) original name of Compton Gamma Ray Observatory.
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Initially, with observation facilities for the northern hemisphere set up on La Palma, in the Canary Islands, Spain, and then after 2019, by subsequently setting up facilities in Chile for observations in the southern hemisphere to achieve panoramic observations, the CTA is set to become the world's largest-scale gamma ray observatory. Fujitsu has also previously provided control systems to research institutions and other organizations for massive radio telescopes, optical-infrared telescopes, and neutrino observation.
South Africa will benefit from Namibia hosting CTA and strongly supports Namibia's bid, as the two countries already enjoy a long history of collaborating on gamma ray detection, as Namibia is currently home to a gamma ray observatory called the High Energy Stereoscopic System (HESS).
On the other hand, the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (GRO) bears little resemblance to any of the other space telescope facilities.
The object, GRO J1744-28, first was observed in December, 1995, by an Earth-orbiting satellite, the Burst and Transient Source Experiment on board the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory. BATSE detected a source near the center of the Milky Way that was emitting X-ray and gamma-ray radiation--in both regular pulses and erratic bursts--at a rate of up to 18 per hour.
In April 1991, the space shuttle Atlantis put the 17-ton Gamma Ray Observatory (GRO) into orbit 280 miles above Earth.
But in at least one case the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory, in orbit since last April, seems to have done the opposite.
During a flare in 1991 detected by the EGRET instrument on NASA's then recently launched Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO), which operated until 2000, the galaxy set the record for the most distant and luminous gamma-ray source known at the time.
Together with expanding its research in the fields of astrophysics and particle physics, ICRR plans to move forward on new experimental projects, such as the KAGRA project, which aims to detect the gravitational wave for the first time in history, and the ground-based gamma ray observatory, CTA(7), which is designed to help understand galactic and extragalactic very-high energy gamma-ray sources.
Emission from Ti-44, which is unstable with a half-life of 63 years, has been detected in Cas A with several high-energy observatories including the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory, BeppoSAX, and the International Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory (INTEGRAL).
Gamma-ray astronomy got a big boost in 1991 with the launch of the NASA's now-defunct Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO).
These past two decades have seen the successful launch of more than 90 missions, the deployment of the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory, the Hubble Space Telescope, Chandra X-ray Observatory, countless satellites, nine dockings with the Russian space station Mir, and most recently, components of the International Space Station.
By April 1991, when NASA's Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO) was launched into Earth orbit, many astronomers had concluded that GRBs come from neutron stars located in the disk of the Milky Way--the galaxy that includes our solar system.