Gamma Spectroscopy


Also found in: Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gamma Spectroscopy

 

one of the branches of nuclear spectroscopy; deals with the study of gamma-radiation spectra and the various properties of the excited states of atomic nuclei whose decay is accompanied by the emission of gamma quanta. The task of gamma spectroscopy, like alpha and beta spectroscopy, it to investigate the structure of atomic nuclei. Gamma spectroscopy also analyzes the gamma radiation produced by radioactive decay and nuclear reactions. The gamma-radiation spectra—that is, the energy distribution of the emitted radiation—are measured with gamma spectrometers.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It operates in three basic modes: Sigma: water saturation detected via thermal neutron decay; C/O: oil saturation detected with gamma spectroscopy; and water flow: water velocity from oxygen activation.
Mullens, "NMIS plus gamma spectroscopy for attributes of HEU, PU and HE detection," Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B, vol.
The first of five chapters covers the basic properties of uranium and its common compounds, outlines the processes employed to use it for nuclear fuel, and describes the basis of analytical techniques used to characterize it, including atomic absorption and emission spectroscopy, X-ray fluorescence spectrometry, neutron activation analysis, gamma spectroscopy, electron microscopy, mass spectrometry, alpha spectrometry, and miscellaneous spectroscopic and ion counting techniques.
Muscat, June 2 (ONA) The Sultanate represented by the Ministry of Regional Municipalities and Water Resources will take part in the training course on the use of Monte Carlo Stimulation method for measuring radioactive contamination in "Gamma Spectroscopy", to be executed in Tunisia tomorrow "Monday" by the Arab Organization for Atomic Energy in conjunction with the National Centre for Nuclear Science and Technology in Tunisia.
A comprehensive characterisation campaign was undertaken including surveys, sampling and gamma spectroscopy in order to fully understand the radiological conditions.
For one core per reservoir, gamma spectroscopy was used to determine the activity of [.sup.137.Cs] in the cores.
Among the concerns are isomers and gamma spectroscopy, fundamental physics, nuclear astrophysics, reactions with neutron-rich nuclei, nuclear structure at 0+ states, the application and development of nuclear techniques, high spin experiments, and the theory of nuclear structure.
Samples were then separated by tissue and species, homogenized with a commercial food processor, and placed into a 500 mL or 1000 mL high-density polyethylene Marinelli beaker (Gamma Associates) designed for direct gamma spectroscopy. The beakers were labeled, sealed, frozen, and shipped to the Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, Tennessee.