Gang of Four


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Related to Gang of Four: Cultural Revolution, Jiang Qing, Zhou Enlai

Gang of Four,

term of opprobrium given by the Chinese Communist authorities to four persons held responsible for the excesses of the Cultural RevolutionCultural Revolution,
1966–76, mass mobilization of urban Chinese youth inaugurated by Mao Zedong in an attempt to prevent the development of a bureaucratized Soviet style of Communism.
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 (1966–69). They were also accused of trying to seize power after the deaths (1976) of Mao ZedongMao Zedong
or Mao Tse-tung
, 1893–1976, founder of the People's Republic of China. Mao was one of the most prominent Communist theoreticians and his ideas on revolutionary struggle and guerrilla warfare have been extremely influential, especially among Third
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 and Zhou EnlaiZhou Enlai
or Chou En-lai
, 1898–1976, Chinese Communist leader. A member of a noted Mandarin family, he was educated at an American-supported school in China and a university in Japan. His involvement in radical movements led to several months imprisonment.
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. The most notable of the Gang of Four was Jiang QingJiang Qing
or Chiang Ch'ing
, 1914–91, Chinese Communist political leader, wife of Mao Zedong. Born Li Jinhai or Li Shumeng, she was later known as Li Yunhe and Li He and changed her name to Lan Ping in 1938 when beginning an acting career, joining the Communist
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, Mao's widow. The others were Wang Hongwen, Yao Wenyuan, and Zhang Chunqiao. They were imprisoned in 1976, tried in 1980, and sentenced in 1981. Their sentences ranged from death (later commuted to life in prison) to 20 years in prison.
References in periodicals archive ?
Gang of four SPD's Rodgers, Jenkins, Williams and Owen
Horam was at least honest while we now have a group of Labour MPs who are threatening to resign and form a new party like the Gang of Four which is, in my opinion, doomed to failure.
Police on Firdale Road, Walton responding to reports a man had been shot in the face with with an air weapon after a gang of four men broke into his home
The address was targeted by a gang of four men who knocked at a side door before forcing their way in to the property and demanding the occupants hand over cash and jewellery.
Saad Maan said in a statement: "With careful intelligence follow-up, the federal police intelligence detachments operating within the Federal Intelligence and Investigations Agency at the Ministry of the Interior managed to arrest a gang of four accused in Rusafa side of Baghdad with narcotic drugs, grenades and a firearm, noting that the operation was carried out based on accurate intelligence information and a competent control team, "./End
The Ministry of Interior (MoI) on Saturday announced the arrest of a gang of four African nationals, including a woman, who specialised in robbing clients of banks and exchange houses.
Corbyn must get tougher LABOUR has a new "Gang of Four," right-wing Labour MPs who would rather side with the hated Tory Government than see a Corbyn-led Labour Government.
In the first incident, a gang of four robbers having sophisticated weapons in their hands stormed into house of Master Karamat, a local politician, in Panjgiran and made the entire family hostage at gunpoint.
FAISALABAD -- CIA Lyallpur Town police claimed on Wednesday to have arrested a gang of four robbers including ring leader and recovered 13 stolen/snatched motorcycles and weapons from their possession.
1981: The Gang of Four (Roy Jenkins, David Owen, Shirley Williams and Bill Rodgers) broke away from the Labour Party to set up the Social Democrats.
Summary: Gang of four held after bank alerted police of counterfeit cheque