Gang of Four


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Related to Gang of Four: Cultural Revolution, Jiang Qing, Zhou Enlai

Gang of Four,

term of opprobrium given by the Chinese Communist authorities to four persons held responsible for the excesses of the Cultural RevolutionCultural Revolution,
1966–76, mass mobilization of urban Chinese youth inaugurated by Mao Zedong in an attempt to prevent the development of a bureaucratized Soviet style of Communism.
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 (1966–69). They were also accused of trying to seize power after the deaths (1976) of Mao ZedongMao Zedong
or Mao Tse-tung
, 1893–1976, founder of the People's Republic of China. Mao was one of the most prominent Communist theoreticians and his ideas on revolutionary struggle and guerrilla warfare have been extremely influential, especially among Third
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 and Zhou EnlaiZhou Enlai
or Chou En-lai
, 1898–1976, Chinese Communist leader. A member of a noted Mandarin family, he was educated at an American-supported school in China and a university in Japan. His involvement in radical movements led to several months imprisonment.
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. The most notable of the Gang of Four was Jiang QingJiang Qing
or Chiang Ch'ing
, 1914–91, Chinese Communist political leader, wife of Mao Zedong. Born Li Jinhai or Li Shumeng, she was later known as Li Yunhe and Li He and changed her name to Lan Ping in 1938 when beginning an acting career, joining the Communist
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, Mao's widow. The others were Wang Hongwen, Yao Wenyuan, and Zhang Chunqiao. They were imprisoned in 1976, tried in 1980, and sentenced in 1981. Their sentences ranged from death (later commuted to life in prison) to 20 years in prison.
References in periodicals archive ?
Gang of Four will headline both the New York and Seattle shows.
By then, Mao had died and the Gang of Four, which included Madame Mao, had been purged.
IC Leadership Supports Gang of Four Notifications Under Certain
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The track we can't get enough of is the monolithic 12-minute "The Past Is a Grotesque Animal," a clever number that namechecks Georges Bataille, the '20s essayist and noted French loony, and sounds like the Gang of Four on Casios instead of guitars.
A gang of four young arsonists who targeted a house in Norton are being hunted by police.
Yao Wenyuan, the last surviving member of the so-called Gang of Four, which China holds responsible for the chaotic Cultural Revolution of the late 1960s and early 1970s, has died at age 74, the official Xinhua News Agency said Friday.
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A gang of four drunken teens on a lark viciously attack the blond.