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see SikkimSikkim
, state (2001 provisional pop. 540,493), 2,745 sq mi (7,110 sq km), India. It is located in the E Himalayas and bordered by Nepal (W), by the Tibet region of China (N), by Bhutan (E), and by the Indian state of West Bengal (S). The capital and only town is Gangtok.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



capital of the principality of Sikkim. Situated in a mountain valley near the Natu Pass in spurs of the Himalayas; altitude, 1,900 m. It has a damp climate (yearly precipitation approaches 3,300 mm). Average temperatures: 8° C in January, 20° C in July. Population, 12,000 (1964).

Gangtok is one of Sikkim’s major commercial and transportation centers. Roads link it with the railroad junction in Siliguri and the airport in Baghdogra (India). A ropeway leads to the pass. Cottage industry is important; it includes woodworking, tanning, paper production, embroidery, and carpet weaving. There is also a printing press establishment, a publishing house, an electric power plant, and an institute of Tibetan studies. The city consists largely of single-story dwellings, but one can also see the modern stone edifices of hotels, movie theaters, and stores. The residence of the ruler of the principality stands at the top of a hill, together with a monastery that is a typical example of Tibetan religious architecture.


Prazauskas, A. Butan, Sikkim. Moscow, 1970.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a town in NE India: capital of Sikkim state. Pop.: 29 162 (2001)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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References in periodicals archive ?
As I reached Gangtok, I was welcomed by a nip in the air.
Gangtok is located in the Himalayans at an altitude of nearly 5,600 feet.
It starts from Gangtok with a jeep drive up to Lachen, your halt for the night.
Make Gangtok the base and go paragliding from the town of Jorethang, Thamidara and Resithang Sports Village.
How: Jorethang and Thamidara, which, incidentally, hosted a paragliding competition, are about 45 minutes by road from Gangtok. Resithang is on the city's outskirts.
How: Hire a car in Gangtok and drive about three hours to Kewzing.
Where: Pelling is about 120 km further up from Gangtok, the capital.