Ganja

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Ganja

(gänjä`), formerly

Kirovabad

(kē'rəvəbät`), city (1989 pop. 278,000), in NW Azerbaijan, on the Ganja River. The largest Azerbaijani industrial center after Bakı, Ganja produces cotton and silk textiles, building materials, carpets, cottonseed oil, agricultural implements, copper sulfate, and wine. It was founded in the 6th cent., c.4 mi (6 km) east of the modern city, but was demolished by earthquake in 1139, after which the survivors settled on the present site. The medieval city was an important textile and wine center. It was destroyed by the Mongols in 1231 and recovered slowly. It was the seat of a khanate under Persian suzerainty from the 17th cent. until its conquest (1804) by the Russians, who named it Elisavetpol. It became Gyandzha (the Russian spelling of Ganja) again after the Russian Revolution, but in 1935 it was renamed in honor of S. M. KirovKirov, Sergei Mironovich
, 1888–1934, Russian Soviet leader. He fought in the civil war of 1918–20 and rose to power as one of Stalin's most trusted aides. A member of the Communist party Politburo from 1930, he was secretary of the party at Leningrad (now St.
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. Ancient Ganja was the native city of the 12th-century poet, Nizami Ganjavi, whose tomb still remains. There is also a 17th-century mosque.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The film the women are watching is a fictional adaptation of Khusraw u Shirin (1177-1180), the tragic romantic epic created by Nizami of Ganjeh and based on a story of Pre-Islamic Persian origin as told by the poet Shahnameh.
Sea Station Station station station station 1 2 3 4 5 -- mouth Mohsen Astaneh kissom Sangar Abad bridg dam Sea Station station station station Dam 6 7 8 9 -- Tarik Ganjeh Rodbar Near -- dam rodbar bridg dam Water samples were taken monthly for a whole year to detect seasonal variation of DO considering the fact that the oxygen dose not have a chemical reaction with water molecules and thus cannot be stored in water.
(10.) However, as early as 1804, the 'ulama of Ganjeh had declared jihad against the Russian troops who surrounded their city.