Gannushkin, Petr

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gannushkin, Petr Borisovich


Born Feb. 24 (Mar. 8), 1875, in the village of Novoselki, Pronsk District, in present-day Riazan’ Oblast; died Feb. 23, 1933, in Moscow. Soviet psychiatrist.

Gannushkin graduated from the medical department of Moscow University in 1898. He was a student of S. S. Kor-sakov and V. P. Serbskii. From 1918 he was a professor at the subdepartment of psychiatry of Moscow University (from 1930 professor at the First Moscow Medical Institute). He was the founder of so-called minor psychiatry (which includes the study of states bordering between the psychological norm and pathology) and established clinical criteria for the delimitation of psychopathies. He helped to organize a system of nonhospital psychiatric assistance in the USSR and worked out questions dealing with the teaching of psychiatry and the prevention of mental illness. He founded a major school of Soviet psychiatrists.


Izbrannye trudy. Moscow, 1964.


Morozov, V. M. “P. B. Gannushkin (K 20-letiiu so dnia smerti).” Zhurnal nevropatologii i psikhiatrii im. S. S. Korsakova, 1953, vol. 53, issue 12.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.