Ganoid Scale

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Related to Ganoid Scale: Cycloid scale, ctenoid scale

ganoid scale

[¦ga‚nȯid ′skāl]
(vertebrate zoology)
A structure having several layers of enamellike material (ganoin) on the upper surface and laminated bone below.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ganoid Scale


the scale of the lower radiant fishes, which is covered on the outside with a hard glittering layer of an enamel-like substance called ganoin. Two types of ganoid scale are distinguished: the palaeoniscoid ganoid scale found on fossil palaeoniscoids and modern multiscaled fishes, and the lepisosteid ganoid scale found on fossil vertebrate ganoids and modern long-nosed gars. The palaeoniscoid ganoid scale has a skeletal form of trough-shaped disks arranged to fit into one another, with an upper surface containing dentin ridges. The disks of ganoin grow symmetrically onto the foundation disks. In the lepisosteid ganoid scale there is no dentin, and the skeletal foundation is perforated by many canals. The shape of the ganoid scale is usually rhomboid. On the upper edge of each scale there is a projection that fits into a depression in the scale above it. By forming rings that are slightly slanted along the longitudinal axis of the body, the ganoid scale forms a shell, which in addition to its defensive function gives leverage to the muscles and necessary elasticity to the body.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The technique used for studying ganoid scales follows the methodology proposed by Gayet and Meunier (1986), who analyzed and compared the differences in the ornamental pattern among the different groups of actinopterigian fishes with ganoid scales.
Gar have heavy, interlocking ganoid scales, but a cousin, the bowfin, or mudfish, is nearly as ancient and lacks hard, armored scales.