Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Gansu: Ningxia, Qinghai




(both: gän`so͞o`), province (2010 pop. 25,575,254), 141,000 sq mi (365,284 sq km), NW China. The capital is LanzhouLanzhou
or Lanchow
, city (1994 est. pop. 1,295,600), capital of Gansu prov., W China, on the Huang He (Yellow River) at its confluence with the Wei. It is a rail, highway, and air hub and the junction point to remote Xinjiang in extreme NW China.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Gansu is bordered by the Republic of Mongolia on the north. Its mountains include part of the Nanshan range and an extension of the Kunlun. The loess soil is fertile, but rainfall is inadequate and irrigation and land reclamation programs have had to be developed. Winter wheat, sorghum, millet, corn, rice, cotton, and tobacco are grown, especially in the Huang He (Yellow River) and Wei River valleys. Livestock (sheep, goats, horses, cows, and camels) are raised in the mountainous areas. Gansu's mineral resources include coal, copper, gold, nickel, zinc, and large deposits of iron ore and oil; two important oil fields are in the province. Lanzhou is a flourishing heavy industrial center, with one of the largest oil refineries in the country, and Yumen, though now declining, is China's oldest oil center; other towns are developing steadily. There is a satellite launch center near Jiuquan. Roads and railways have been extensively improved. Lanzhou is an important transportation hub; the Lanzhou–Xinjiang RR crosses the province, and the Lanzhou–Beijing RR has a connection through Mongolia to Russia.

Long isolated from the center of Chinese power, the Gansu area has traditionally been independent of all but the strongest central governments. After the 13th cent., Muslim strength grew, and fierce Muslim rebellions often plagued the central government. Today the province's strategic importance is enhanced by its control of communications into Xinjiang, Mongolia, and Russia. Although Han Chinese comprise most of the population, there are 11 major minorities, of which Muslims and Mongols are the largest. Gansu's boundaries have been changed several times in recent years. The former province of Ningxia was joined to it in 1954, then detached in 1958 and reconstituted as an autonomous region. In the 1969–70 redistricting, Gansu received a portion of W Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region. In 1979 this decision was reversed, and Gansu was restored to its former size.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.


, Kansu
a province of NW China, between Tibet and Inner Mongolia: mountainous, with desert regions; forms a corridor, the Old Silk Road, much used in early and medieval times for trade with Turkestan, India, and Persia. Capital: Lanzhou. Pop.: 26 030 000 (2003 est.). Area: 366 500 sq. km (141 500 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
There are about ten million Huis in the country, including 1.16 million in poverty-stricken Gansu.
The Gansu military police has deployed 500 soldiers, including 120 specialist rescuers, while 500 emergency tents and 2,000 quilts are also being transported to affected areas, Xinhua added.
While Gansu is one of China's more sparsely populated provinces, Dingxi city, which includes Min and other affected counties, has a population of about 2.7 million.
In May, Gansu started a field survey on those pandas, hoping to find out more about their living conditions in two and a half years and eventually build a databank containing files on the wild pandas' genetic diversity.
However, these curtailment rates are expected to steadily fall, with Gansu province alone managing to lower its rate to 19 per cent last year, from 43 per cent in 2016.
As many as 23 themed activities will be held during the expo and the festival, which will host its closing ceremony in Gansu's Dunhuang city on August 31.
With an area of 425,88 square km, Gansu links the Loess Plateau, the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and the Inner Mongolian Plateau, as part of three major river basins - Huang Ho, Yangtze and an inland river.
Mr Quyang Jian, Chairman of the Gansu CPPCC, led the Chinese delegation, while Ghana was represented by the leadership of parliament to sign the contract on Tuesday, April 23 at the House.
Strong Linkage with Gansu: Fitch assesses JISCO's status, ownership and control by the Gansu government, which indirectly owns 94.7% of JISCO, as 'Strong' due to the company's strategic importance to the province as its sole provincial steel platform and the largest producer in north-west China.
Recon Technology announced that the company, through its 51% owned subsidiary Gansu BHD Environmental Technology Co., Ltd, has obtained a hazardous waste operating permit issued by the Jiuquan Environmental Protection Bureau in Gansu province.