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(kä'ōlēăng`): see sorghumsorghum,
tall, coarse annual (Sorghum bicolor) of the family Poaceae (grass family), somewhat similar in appearance to corn (but having the grain in a panicle rather than an ear) and used for much the same purposes.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Sorghum nervosum), a species of annual plant of the cereal family, noted for its fast ripening and drought resistance. It is cultivated in China, Korea, and Japan; in the USSR it is grown in the Far East, the Northern Caucasus, and the south of the Ukraine. Kaoliang grain is processed into groats, flour, and alcohol and used as cattle forage. Its straw is used to make mats and other wicker products. Kaoliang is a member of the sorghum genus of grasses.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
1988: "Hong Gaoliang" (Red Sorghum) People's Republic of China
The people of Jin were frightened, and Duke Huai [of Jin] fled to Gaoliang, leaving Lu Sheng and Ji Rui in command of the army.
A song in the film The Red Sorghum (Hong gaoliang) was extremely popular in China largely because it eulogizes a sort of Dionysian spirit which has long been lacking in Chinese culture.
He is best known among Western literary aficionados looking beyond their shores for his 1987 book Red Sorghum (Hong Gaoliang).