García, Manuel del Popolo Vicente

García, Manuel del Popolo Vicente

(mänwĕl` dĕl pōpō`lō vēthān`tā gärthē`ä), 1775–1832, Spanish tenor, teacher, impresario, and composer. He was the first to produce opera in Italian in New York (1825–26) and in Mexico (1827–28). Maria MalibranMalibran, Maria Felicità
, 1808–36, French-Spanish contralto. Malibran was the daughter of the tenor Manuel García and the sister of the mezzo Pauline Viardot-Garcia. She made her opera debut in 1825 as Rosina in the The Barber of Seville in London.
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 and Pauline Viardot-GarciaViardot-Garcia, Pauline
, 1821–1910, French mezzo-soprano; sister of Maria Malibran; pupil of her father, Manuel García. Following her concert debut in Brussels in 1837 and her opera debut in London in 1839, she became celebrated for her wide range, fine technique,
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 were his daughters. His son, Manuel Patricio Rodríguez García (pätrē`thyō rōdrē`gāth), 1805–1906, left (1829) the operatic stage to teach at the Paris Conservatory (1830–48) and the Royal Academy, London (1848–95). Jenny LindLind, Jenny,
1820–87, Swedish soprano. She made her debut in 1838 as Agathe in Weber's Der Freischütz. She studied in Paris and sang in Germany, England, and Sweden. In 1849 she abandoned opera for concert and oratorio until 1870. Under the management of P. T.
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 and Mathilde MarchesiMarchesi, Mathilde
, 1821–1913, German mezzo-soprano whose maiden name was Graumann; pupil of Manuel García. She was known especially as the teacher of such singers as Melba, Eames, and Calvé. Marchesi taught at the conservatories of Cologne and Vienna and in Paris.
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 were among his pupils. He invented (1854) the laryngoscope.


See biography by M. S. MacKinlay (1908).

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García, Manuel Del Popolo Vicente


Born Jan. 22, 1775, in Seville; died June 9, 1832, in Paris. Spanish tenor, guitarist, composer, and voice teacher.

From 1808 to 1825, García sang in Italian opera in Paris and London. With his children, also singers, he toured the United States in 1825-27. His major roles included Don Ottavio and Don Basilio in Mozart’s Don Giovanni and The Marriage of Figaro. In 1829 he began teaching voice in Paris in the school of singing he had founded. He gained fame as the composer of numerous comic operas and tonadillas—short musical dramas with one to three participants. A song written in the polo style from García’s tonadilla The Imaginary Servant was used by Bizet in the opera Carmen (entr’acte preceding the fourth act). Another song, “The Smuggler” from The Calculating Poet, was used by García Lorca in his play Mariana Pineda. Manuel García was also a renowned teacher. His students included his daughters, Maria Malibran and Pauline Viardet-García, and his son, Manuel Patricio Rodriguez García.


Levien, J. M. The Garcia Family. London, 1932.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.