mangosteen

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mangosteen

(mang`gəstēn'), the edible fruit of Garcinia mangostana, of the family Clusiaceae (Guttiferae), an evergreen tree native to SE Asia. The purple fruit is similar to an orange in size, thickness of the rind, and segmentation. A highly prized tropical fruit with a flavor similar to a grape-apple mixture, the mangosteen is cultivated in the West Indies. The rind is used in traditional SE Asian medicines. The mangosteen is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Theales, family Clusiaceae.

Mangosteen

 

(Garcinia mangostana), a short, dioecious tree of the family Clusiaceae (sometimes included in the family Hypericaceae). The leaves are leathery, dark green, and entire; the flowers are solitary or in groups, with pinkish, fleshy petals. The mangosteen is native to the Malay Peninsula and the Malay Archipelago. It is cultivated for its fruit in tropical Asia. The rounded fruit is reddish or brown-violet and measures up to 7 cm in diameter; it contains five to eight seeds with large white arils. The arils are edible, with tender, tart, aromatic flesh. Other species of the genus Garcinia yield edible fruits.

REFERENCE

Siniagin, I. I. Tropicheskoe zemledelie. Moscow, 1968.
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Promedio de frutos en arboles sobresalientes de Garcinia mangostana L.
The effects of Actinidia deliciosa and Garcinia mangostana on bone health have not been studied so far.
Chen et al., "Cytotoxic prenylated xanthones from the pericarps of Garcinia mangostana" Molecules, vol.
Results of the larvicidal bioassay of the ethanol fruit wastes of Garcinia mangostana were shown in Figure 1.Results were expressed as lethal concentration (LC) of the larvicide for 50% and 90% mortality (LC50 and LC90) of the mosquito larvae.
In Indonesia, people use Garcinia mangostana Linn.as a health supplement for preventing everything from ulcer, diarrhea, fever, hypertension, and obesity to diabetes mellitus.
The general objective of this study is to determine the effects of ethanolic crude extract of mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) L.
(Garcinia mangostana) were obtained from the Department of Plant Pathology, Universiti Putra Malaysia.
The product is a combination ingredient of Sphaeranthus indicus flower and Garcinia mangostana fruit rind in specific proportions.
Chemical analysis and preliminary toxicological evaluation of Garcinia mangostana seeds and seed oil.