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Gardeyz(both: gərdāz`), city (1979 pop. 9,550), capital of Paktia prov., E Afghanistan, on the Jilga River. It lies on the old trade routes between Afghanistan and the Peshawar region of Pakistan and is now a market for lumber. It was a major center of military action during the Afghanistan WarAfghanistan War,
1978–92, conflict between anti-Communist Muslim Afghan guerrillas (mujahidin) and Afghan government and Soviet forces. The conflict had its origins in the 1978 coup that overthrew Afghan president Sardar Muhammad Daud Khan, who had come to power by ousting
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
a city in eastern Afghanistan. Population, about 40,000. Junction of motor roads to Kabul and Ghazni and to Pakistan and of caravan routes from the Sulaiman Mountains region to Hazarajat. There is commerce in hides and small cattle in Gardez.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.