Gardner, Alexander(1821–82) photographer; born in Paisley, Scotland. Technical innovator and skilled manager of Mathew Brady's Washington studio (1856–63), he left to take documentary photographs and run his own studio (1863–82) when Brady refused to give photo credits to his war photographers.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.