Gardner, John

Gardner, John

(John Champlin Gardner, Jr.), 1933–82, American writer, b. Batavia, N.Y. He was a teacher, lecturer, and prolific writer of fiction, children's books, poetry, radio plays, and scholarly medieval studies. He studied at Washington Univ., St. Louis (grad. 1955) and Iowa State Univ. (M.A., 1956; Ph.D., 1958) and taught creative writing and medieval literature at a number of American colleges. His novels include Resurrection (1966), The Wreckage of Agathon (1970), The Sunlight Dialogues (1972), Nickel Mountain (1973), October Light (1976), and Freddie's Book (1980). Among his volumes of short stories are The King's Indian (1974) and The Art of Living (1981).

Frequently exploring philosophical questions, his novels sometimes derive from literary sources. Gardner first gained notice with Grendel (1971), which recasts the story of BeowulfBeowulf
, oldest English epic, probably composed in the early 8th cent. by an Anglian bard in the vicinity of Northumbria. It survives in only one manuscript, written c.A.D. 1000 by two scribes and preserved in the British Library in the collection of Sir Robert Cotton.
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 with the monster as the protagonist. In his controversial work of criticism, On Moral Fiction (1978), Gardner defends the importance of maintaining a high moral purpose in fiction and criticizes his contemporaries for indulging in cleverness at the expense of the traditional strengths of the novel. He also wrote On Becoming a Novelist (1983) and The Art of Fiction (1984). Many of his critical essays were collected in On Writers and Writing (1994).


See biography by B. Silesky (2004); studies by D. Cowart (1983) and L. Butts (1988).

Gardner, John (Champlin, Jr.)

(1933–82) writer, educator; born in Batavia, N.Y. He earned a Ph.D. at Iowa State University and taught at several institutions, including the State University of New York: Binghamton (1978–82). In addition to scholarly works—chiefly medieval translations and editions—he wrote poetry, criticism, and fiction, including Grendel (1971), October Light (1976, National Book Critics Circle Award) and Mickelsson's Ghosts (1982). He died in a motorcycle accident.

Gardner, John (William)

(1912–  ) educator, social activist; born in Los Angeles. Gardner exerted a powerful innovative influence on math teaching, civil rights, and children's television as president of the Carnegie Corporation and the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching (1955–65) and as Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare (1965–69). He founded the citizens' lobby Common Cause and the volunteer coalition Independent Sector.
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The firm was bought by management team Alan Gardner, John Nollett and Les Wilkins in July last year after they spotted an opportunity to turn around the business.
Contributors: Maureen Bell, Bernard Capp, Sara Barker, Stacy Erickson, Victoria Gardner, John Hinks, Lucy Lewis, Dan Mills, Harry Newman, Charlotte Anne Panofre, Renae Satterley, Louise Wilson.
VILLA'S 22-MAN SQUAD TO FACE RAPID VIENNA: Brad Friedel, Brad Guzan, Andy Marshall, Curtis Davies, Nicky Shorey, Habib Beye, Carlos Cuellar, Eric Lichaj, Ciaran Clark, Shane Lowry, Steve Sidwell, Ashley Young, James Milner, Marc Albrighton, Fabian Delph, Stiliyan Petrov, Nigel ReoCoker ,Craig Gardner, John Carew, Gabriel Agbonlahor, Nathan Delfouneso, Emile Heskey.
From the left, Rita Gardner, David Gardner, Gordon Cresse, Peter Bretherton, Sanjay Jagatia, Steve Gardner, John Gardner and Tony Chael outside The Arden Hotel.
The Blues' counters came via braces from Sam Walker, Connor Hewitt and Connor Gardner, John McStravick and Ryan Thornton replying for Barcalona.
Board members are Mike Onorato, Lyla Tjoelker, Mike Yeend, John Wilson, Ralph Gardner, John Howe, Anita Jackson and Dr.
Paul Newman is a star, as was Ava Gardner, John Mills and Laurence Olivier.
With: Werner Herzog, Kitana Baker, Gabriel Beristain, Russell Williams, David Davidson, Michael Karnow, Robert O'Meara, Zak Penn, Steven Gardner, John Balley, Jeff Goldblum, Lena Herzog, Crispin Golver, Ricky Jay.
The competition's getting stronger but with our established stars and talented young players like Ade Gardner, John Stankevitch, Micky Higham, Tim Jonkers and Mike Bennett coming through, we should give you plenty to shout about.
Advancing to championship matches for the Colts were Mat Gardner, John Walker and Robbie Weinhold and reaching the consolation final was Luke Barr.
I suspect this way of approaching fiction is something we owe to the creators of the "New Fiction" that emerged in the late 1960s - including Gardner, John Barth, Robert Coover, Ron Sukenick, Ishmael Reed, and John Fowles, at least in terms of his magical novel The French Lieutenant's Woman.