Gardner, Martin(1914– ) writer, mathematical games editor; born in Tulsa, Okla. After graduating from the University of Chicago (B.A. 1936), he became a reporter for the Tulsa Tribune, then worked in public relations for the University of Chicago. Becoming a contributing editor of Humpty Dumpty magazine (1952–62), he took on the work for which he was undoubtedly best known, a regular column with Scientific American (1957–81), "Mathematical Games," which for a quarter-century covered a broad range of intellectual diversions. Collecting and adding to these columns, he published a seemingly endless stream of books on mathematical puzzles, logical brainteasers, and philosophical and literary diversions. His first book, In the Name of Science (1952), sounded another of his favorite themes—his exposure of cults, fads and fallacies in the sciences over the centuries; a practicing magician (as well as musical saw player), he also attacked those who misused magical tricks to suggest some supernatural powers. Still another interest were editions of well-known texts with his own footnotes explaining esoterica and curiosities: The Annotated Alice (1960), by Lewis Carroll; The Annotated Ancient Mariner (1965) by Samuel Taylor Coleridge; and The Annotated Casey at the Bat (1967), by Ernest L. Thayer. He also wrote serious books on science, including Philosophical Foundations of Physics (1966), and a "metaphysical novel," The Flight of Peter Fromm (1973).
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.