Orange River

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Orange River,

chief river of S Africa, c.1,300 mi (2,090 km) long, rising in the Maluti Mts., N Lesotho. It flows SW through Lesotho, then meanders northwest and west through central South Africa, forming the SW boundary of Free State and part of the South Africa–Namibia line before entering the Atlantic Ocean at Oranjemund. The VaalVaal
, river, c.750 mi (1,210 km) long, rising in Mpumalanga, NE South Africa, and flowing SW to the Orange River. It forms most of the northern border of the Free State. The river's flow is almost totally regulated and provides water power for industries on the Witwatersrand.
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 River is its chief tributary. The lower Orange River flows through the southern part of the KalahariKalahari
, arid plateau region, c.100,000 sq mi (259,000 sq km), in Botswana, Namibia, and South Africa. The Kalahari, covered largely by reddish sand, lies between the Orange and Zambezi rivers and is studded with dry lake beds. Yearly rainfall varies from 5 in. (12.
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 and NamibNamib
, desert, c.800 mi (1,290 km) long and from 30 to 100 mi (50–160 km) wide, SW Africa, along the coast of Namibia. It occupies a rocky platform between the Atlantic Ocean and the escarpment of the interior plateau.
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 deserts; in very dry years it does not reach the sea. At the mouth of the river are rich alluvial diamond beds. Shoals, falls (Aughrabies Falls is 400 ft/122 m high), irregular flow, and a sandbar at its mouth limit navigation, but the river is used extensively for irrigation. The South African Orange River Project, which includes the Gariep and Vanderkloof dams, provides water for irrigation, hydroelectric power generation, and municipal water supplies. Tunnels divert water to the Great Fish and Sundays rivers.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the Department of Water and Sanitations weekly dam levels report of 06 November 2017, it indicates that Gariep dam decreased from 61.
Once out of the Karoo though, the scenery changes to one of vast acres of grassland, some brown and some green, obviously depending on rainfall or maybe irrigation from the Gariep Dam.
The project knows as the China-South Africa Aquaculture Technology Demonstration Centre- Aquaculture (ATDC), located Gariep in Free State is an ongoing partnership with the Peoples Republic of China, the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries and the Free State Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, aimed at boosting aquaculture farming in the province.
The Xhariep District Municipality is one of the most economically depressed areas of the Free State because of it being far from the disposable income even though it has several comparative advantages including natural beauty, well managed provincial parts and one of the biggest man made water body in South Africa; the Gariep Dam, said the MEC.
Glenn Black, Gariep project manager of De Beers Marine, said: "A&P Tyne have executed the project very professionally and to a high standard of work.
In an effort to expose the youth to opportunities available in the fisheries and aquaculture sector, the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (DAFF) will embark on a three day career expo for youth from across South Africa in Gariep, in the Free State Province from 28 to 30 June 2016.
There is a slight but not significant improvement on the Orange River System as the Gariep Dam is at 55.
The proposals are; Nkonkobe and Inxuba the name is Raymond Mhlaba with a seat in Alice, Lukhanji and Tsolwana with Enoch Mgijima as the proposed name with the seat in Queenstown, Gariep and Maletswai with Walter Sisulu as the proposed name with a seat in Burgersdorp and for Camdeboo, Ikhwezi and Baviaans the proposed name is Karoo Mohair with a seat in Graaf Reinet.
This release is necessary to restore and stabilise water levels in the Upper Orange River (upstream from Gariep Dam) to enable abstractions for domestic use, especially at Aliwal North in the Joe Gqabi District Municipality in the Eastern Cape.
Steynsburg, Aliwal North, Jansenville, Adelaide and Bedford towns under the Gariep, Maletswai, Ikhwezi and Nxuba Local Municipalities were taken off the grid from 6am to 9am on Tuesday, 22 December.
This appeal follows after Eskom suspended power cuts to the Gariep, Maletswai, Ikhwezi and Nxuba municipalities in the Eastern Cape.
Gariep Dam, the biggest in the country that is situated in the Free State, was particularly worrying because it was a nerve-centre for the generation of electricity for Eskom.