Judy Garland

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Judy Garland
Frances Ethel Gumm
BirthplaceGrand Rapids, Minnesota, USA
Actress, singer, vaudevillian
EducationLawler's Professional School Bancroft Middle School Hollywood High School

Garland, Judy,

1922–69, American singer and film actress, b. Grand Rapids, Minn., originally named Frances Gumm. She sang in her father's theater from the age of four as one of The Gumm Sisters; she later toured in vaudeville. Beginning her film career in 1935, she endeared herself to the public in the Andy Hardy film series and in The Wizard of Oz (1939). Her later films include Meet Me in St. Louis (1944), Easter Parade (1948), A Star is Born (1954), and Judgment at Nuremburg (1960). Her first husband was the director Vincente Minnelli. Their daughter Liza Minnelli, 1946–, b. Hollywood, Calif., is also a singer, dancer, and actress. She made her Broadway debut in Flora, the Red Menace (1965; Tony Award). Minelli has appeared in a number of films, including The Sterile Cuckoo (1969), Cabaret (1972; Academy Award), New York, New York (1977), and two Arthur films (1981 and 1988). She has performed in solo nightclub appearances and has also been seen frequently on television, most notably in a televised concert with her mother at the London Palladium (1964) and in Liza with a Z (1978; Golden Globe). Garland's second daughter, Lorna Luft, 1953–, is also an actress and singer who has appeared in films, on stage, and in various performance venues. In addition, she wrote Me and My Shadows, a Family Memoir (1998).


See biographies of Garland by M. Tormé (1970), her husband M. Deans (1972), and G. Clarke (2000).

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Garland, Judy (b. Frances Gumm)

(1922–69) singer, actress; born in Grand Rapids, Minn. (mother of Liza Minnelli). Her vaudeville act with her sisters led to a film contract. Bright and vivacious, with a vibrant singing voice, she starred in films (1939–54) including The Wizard of Oz (1939) and Meet Me in St. Louis (1944). The emotional power of her singing on stage won her an ecstatic following, despite her well-documented struggles with alcohol and drugs.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.