Garnier, Tony,1869–1948, French architect. His greatest achievement was in urban planning. After his study of sociological and architectural problems of an industrial city, he began in 1901 to formulate an elaborate solution, published as Une cité industrielle (1918). His proposals served as a stimulus to young architects of the 1920s. From 1905 to 1919 Garnier was architect to the city of Lyons. In this capacity he built the municipal slaughterhouse, a hospital, and a stadium, which are of interest for their use of reinforced concrete.
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While a student in Rome, published Une Cité Industrielle in 1918, which constituted a revolutionary plan for a model town of 35,000. This publication influenced Le Corbusier and other Modernists.
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