Garofalo, Raffaele

Garofalo, Raffaele

(räf-fäĕ`lā gärô`fälō), 1851–1934, Italian jurist and criminologist. He studied at the Univ. of Naples, where he later taught law and criminal procedure. Second only to Enrico Ferri, he is considered to be the most important follower of Cesare LombrosoLombroso, Cesare
, 1835–1909, Italian criminologist and physician. In 1876 he published a pamphlet setting forth his theory of the origin of criminal traits. In the study, later enlarged into the famous L'uomo delinquente (5th ed., 3 vol., 1896–97; partial tr.
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. His major contribution was the formulation of a theory of "natural crime." The theory embraces crimes of two types: those of violence and those against property. His Criminologia (1885) was translated by R. W. Millar (1914).
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