garter snake

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garter snake,

harmless snakesnake,
common name for an elongated, limbless reptile of the order Squamata, which also includes the xlizards. Most snakes live on the ground, but some are burrowers, arboreal, or aquatic; one group is exclusively marine. In temperate climates they hibernate.
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 of the genus Thamnophis, abundant from Canada to Central America. There are many common species; members of most species are about 2 ft (60 cm) long. Most garter snakes are striped or banded lengthwise, and some are spotted between the stripes. Less aquatic as a group than the related water snakes, they are found near water in dry country and are widely distributed in moist regions. They prey on cold-blooded animals, chiefly frogs, toads, small fish, and earthworms. Females bear live young in large litters, sometimes numbering 50 or more. The common garter snake of the NE United States, Thamnophis sirtalis, varies in color and pattern but is usually blackish or brownish with three yellow stripes. The ribbon snake, T. sauritus, is a very slender garter snake that prefers wet places. Garter snakes are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Reptilia, order Squamata, family Colubridae.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although predation of Dark-eyed Juncos by garter snakes is rarely reported, juncos are exposed throughout much of their breeding range to 1 or more garter snake species (Nolan and others 2002; Stebbins 2003).
Garter snakes also rely on freeze tolerance, where they flood their cells with "antifreeze" (glucose and glycerol).
Arboreal mating behavior in the red-sided garter snake. Canadian Field-Naturalist, 89, 461-462.
(164) Because so little natural wetland habitat remains, these flooded rice fields are critical to ensure that there is enough nutrition to support the pintails, long-billed curlews, and other water birds making their epic annual journeys (165) The giant garter snake has also adapted to take advantage of some of the agricultural fields that have replaced their preferred wetlands.
Analysis of large predator incidence was conducted in two ways: first, considering only the incidence of large predators known to prey on garter snakes at Eagle Lake; and second, the total incidence of all large predators, both known and suspected in light of published reports.
Plains Garter Snakes were the 3rd most common species captured in trapping arrays on Mormon and Shoemaker islands (Table 1).
I stood by with a flat, rusty shovel, ready to wallop any garter snake that tried to wriggle its way up anyone's pant leg.
Gardeners in northern Maine have only one snake to watch for: the garter snake. It's worth welcoming for the work it does controlling the slug population in the garden.
Predators of nests of eastern meadowlarks include fox snakes (Elaphne vulpina), eastern garter snakes (Thamnophis sirtalis), northern water snakes (Nerodia sipedon), bullsnakes (Pituophis catenifer), common grackles (Quiscalus quiscula), corvids, Virginia opossums (Didelphis virginiana), American badgers (Taxidea taxus), raccoons (Procyon lotor), striped skunks (Mephitis mephitis), foxes, coyotes (Canis latrans), domestic cats (Felis catus), and domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris; Bent, 1958; Lanyon, 1995; Granfors et al., 1996; Renfrew and Ribic, 2003; Kershner et al., 2004; Suedkamp Wells et al., 2007).
A similar finding has been reported in garter snakes (Halpern & Kubie, 1984; Kubie & Halpern, 1979).
She also includes some very unusual creatures that may be less familiar to children, like the weaver bird with its intricate nest and red-sided garter snakes of Manitoba who hibernate in communal pits.
Lucy and Benjamin introduce their city cousin Gabe to the natural wonders of his own city (ranging from Norway rats and centipedes to garter snakes and peregrine falcons) and then meet with him in the later books to observe glaciers and salmon-fishing bears, eagles and rattlesnakes.